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Modeling in preheated machining of AISI D2 hardened steel

Lajis, M. A. and Amin, A. K. M. Nurul and Karim, A.N. Mustafizul and Ginta, Turnad Lenggo (2011) Modeling in preheated machining of AISI D2 hardened steel. In: Advanced Machining Towards Improved Machinability of Difficult-to-Cut Materials. IIUM Press, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia, pp. 43-48. ISBN 9789674181758

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Tool life prediction plays an important role in modern industry for sustainable manufacturing and product design. The productivity of a machining system and machining cost, as well as quality and integrity of the machined surface strongly depend on tool wear and tool life. Sudden failure of cutting tools leads to loss of productivity, rejection of parts and consequential economic losses [1]. The advent of several advanced difficult-to-cut materials such as the heat resistant tool steels has posed a great challenge in their machining. During the last few decades numerous studies have been conducted to improve the machinability of these materials and many large organizations have invested considerably in exploring and developing new techniques to minimize machining costs of these materials while maintaining their quality requirements. The benefits for the manufacture of components from hardened steel are substantial in terms of reduced machining costs and lead times, in comparison with the more traditional route which involves machining in the annealed state, heat treatment, grinding or electrical discharge machining (EDM), and manual finishing [2]. Recent advances in cutting tool and machine tool technologies have opened up new opportunities for investigation in machining hard materials and especially for bulk removal of material. Preheating of workpiece by induction heating has been recently reported to enhance the machinability of materials. The latest work done by Amin et al [3] were carried out with induction heating in end milling of AISI D2 hardened steel using Poly Crystalline Cubic Boron Nitride (PCBN) inserts. They observed that preheated machining of the material leads to surface roughness values well below 0.4 μm, such that the operations of grinding as well as polishing can be avoided at the higher cutting speeds. They added that preheated machining was able to reduce the amplitude of the lower frequency mode of chatter by almost 4.5 times at the cutting speed of 50 m/min. It was also established by several earlier studies [4-7] that preheating had great potential in lowering chatter. The primary causes of this stable cutting need to be studied in the perspective of material properties and damping capability of the material in the preheated condition. The primary objective of preheating is to enhance the ductility of the material for easier chip formation and better chip flow over the rake surface of the tool. In addition preheating is expected to improve the tool life and improve surface finish of the machined components. But preheating may lead to softening of the hardened workpiece. In the earlier study by Amin, et al [3], preheating temperature was in between 100-150 °C and this might not substantially change the hardness of the material. Hence, in the present study an attempt has been made to carry out an investigation in hot machining of end milling operation of AISI D2 hardened steel using induction heating. To discern differences in machinability, the test workpieces were machined with higher range of temperature from 250-450 °C.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: 2872/23585
Uncontrolled Keywords: AISI D2 Hardened Steel
Subjects: T Technology > TJ Mechanical engineering and machinery
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. A.K.M. Nurul Amin
Date Deposited: 27 Apr 2012 15:28
Last Modified: 05 Sep 2012 11:04
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/23585

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