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Parametric study of carbide precipitation in 16wt% chromium ferritic stainless steel (FSS) welds

Amuda, Muhammed Olawale Hakeem and Mridha, Shahjahan (2012) Parametric study of carbide precipitation in 16wt% chromium ferritic stainless steel (FSS) welds. Advanced Materials Research, 445. pp. 723-728. ISSN 1022-6680

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Other than grain coarsening, the loss of corrosion resistance in ferritic stainless steel (FSS) welds due to intergranular precipitation of chromium carbides restricts the use of the alloy for structural application. The use of cryogenic cooling offers dual opportunities for the control of weld geometry and grain structure in FSS. This results in improved mechanical properties but the effect on carbide precipitation was not investigated. In this paper, the effect of heat flux, welding speed and flow rate of cryogenic liquid on carbide precipitation in 16% chromium FSS welds are discussed. The use of cryogenic cooling reduces the size of the sensitized zone but this is not significantly affected by the flow rate of the cryogenic fluid. Compared to the conventional welding, the cryogenic cooling increases the cooling rate and reduces the martensite content in the high temperature heat affected zone (HTHAZ) by about 20%. This results in wider ditched-structure in welds made with flow rates lower than 0.052L/min. Cryogenic cooling produces more ditched weld microstructure revealed by electrolytic etching in oxalic acid; however, the structure is acceptable since no single grain boundary is completely surrounded by ditches.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 3925/23364
Uncontrolled Keywords: carbide precipitation, energy input, flow rate of cryogenic liquid, ditched structure, HTHAZ
Subjects: T Technology > TN Mining engineering. Metallurgy > TN600 Metallurgy
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Shahjahan Mridha
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2012 10:15
Last Modified: 13 Aug 2012 10:15
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/23364

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