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Efficient method for the purification of coagulated sewage secondary effluent

Jami, Mohammed Saedi and Ohn, Than and Iritani, Eiji (2010) Efficient method for the purification of coagulated sewage secondary effluent. In: IIUM Research, Innovation & Invention Exhibition (IRIIE 2010), 26 - 27 January 2010, Kuala Lumpur.

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Abstract

Constant rate microfiltration experiments are conducted in purification of sewage secondary effluent pretreated with polyaluminum chloride (PAC). Monolithic ceramic membrane having a nominal pore size of 1.0 micro meter with 19 tubular channels is used as a filter medium. The system is capable of selecting the required mode of membrane cleaning, i.e., physical backwashing or chemically enhanced backwashing, based on the set value of the operating parameters. Flow resistance resulted from the formation of the filter cake is reduced by the physical backwashing, but in spite of this, the flow resistance increases gradually in a longer period of operation due to irreversible pore blocking. Hence chemically enhanced backwashing should be conducted occasionally. Sodium hypochlorite is used as cleaning agent and it is injected automatically when pore blocking reached to the preset level. The experimental results showed that the chemically enhanced backwashing is effective in restoring the increased portion of the flow resistance. The fully automatic system was found to be stable regardless of the variable influent quality and could be run at relatively higher flux of 3.0 m/d for a long period of time. The filtrate is free from pathogens and can be reused as reclaimed water for toilet flushing, car washing, etc. Furthermore, the results obtained under various operating conditions indicated that when process optimization is considered, there should be a trade off between the energy consumption and the amount of cleaning agent used per net filtrate volume.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: 5546/23089
Uncontrolled Keywords: Efficient method for the purification of coagulated sewage secondary effluent
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Professor Dr. Mohammed Saedi Jami, PhD CEng MIChemE
Date Deposited: 09 Apr 2012 08:28
Last Modified: 09 Apr 2012 08:28
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/23089

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