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Socio-economic class affect nutritional status but not food habit

Khattak, Muhammad Muzaffar Ali Khan and Akram, Zenub (2012) Socio-economic class affect nutritional status but not food habit. Nutrition and Food Science , 42 (3). pp. 164-172. ISSN 0034-6659

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Abstract

Purpose of the study The purpose of this study was to compare the nutritional status of two socio-economic classes i.e. upper and middle class females using different approaches apart from body mass index (BMI). Study design Fifty houses were randomly selected from the Scheme, 25 in each class on the basis of rank of the retired military officers. From each house a female in between the age range of 30-50 years was selected and interviewed. Materials and methods The age and anthropometric measurements i.e. weight, height, activity levels and food intakes (for 24 hours recall) were recorded in a questionnaire. For both classes age group (30 13 40 & 41 13 50)and activity levels (light & moderate) were determined. From weight and height data BMI was calculated. The macronutrients namely protein, carbohydrate, fats and micro-nutrients namely minerals, (calcium, phosphorus and iron) and vitamins (A & C) were determined by using the Food Composition Table for Pakistan and compared with norms. Results On overall basis i.e. socio-economic class, age and activity level, the respondents were having increase over reference protein and carbohydrate, while decrease over reference fat intake. The respondents were also having lower calcium and iron intakes by 31-34% and 39-44% respectively. The vitamin A intake was also lower by 22-43%. Conclusions This data suggest that there are faulty food habits and unnecessary restrictions among the females on energy and nutrients intakes in both classes.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5145/2254
Uncontrolled Keywords: Socio-economic class, Nutritional status, Energy, Nutrients Intakes
Subjects: T Technology > TX Home economics > TX341 Nutrition. Foods and food supply
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Nutrition Sciences
Depositing User: Dr Muhammad Muzaffar Ali Khan Khattak
Date Deposited: 04 Oct 2011 17:39
Last Modified: 21 Jun 2012 10:51
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/2254

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