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Contributions of al-Razi on alchemy in terms of metal and substance

Mohd Aziz, Mohd Hafizuddin and Mirghani, Mohamed Elwathig Saeed (2011) Contributions of al-Razi on alchemy in terms of metal and substance. In: Contributions of Early Muslim Scientists to Engineering Sciences and related studies. IIUM Press, Kuala Lumpur, pp. 24-29. ISBN 978-967-418-157-4

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Ancient Greek philosophers make a great contribution to the history of chemistry and the knowledge has been passed into the domain of the Islamic scholars. During that time, the Greeks did not yet make any distinction between alchemy and any ofthe other natural sciences, instead merging it together with their philosophical and religious beliefs. Nevertheless, the basic knowledge of chemistry which surface by Aristotle (the four elements theory) is preserved by the Islamic scholar and also added their own observation to it. The Islamic scholars optimistically refined Ancient Greek alchemy and the foundation of the first separation of chemistry as a separate disciple. Their alchemy is based on Aristotelian idea of four elements and endeavor to integrate them with their beliefs in Allah and their studies into psychology, medicine and physics

Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: 4971/21129
Uncontrolled Keywords: al-Razi, alchemy
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Depositing User: A Prof Elwathig Mirghani
Date Deposited: 07 Aug 2012 13:43
Last Modified: 07 Aug 2012 13:44
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/21129

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