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Process optimization of hydrocolloid production from seaweeds

Jaswir, Irwandi and Kodin, Mohd Razi and Jamal, Parveen (2011) Process optimization of hydrocolloid production from seaweeds. In: Current research and development in biotechnology engineering at IIUM. IIUM Press, Kuala Lumpur, pp. 237-243. ISBN 9789674181444

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Abstract

This study was undertaken to find the optimum conditions for the extraction of hydrocolloids from seaweed of species Gracilarza changii. Recent trend of seaweed industry in producing hydrocolloids component shows a decline because of the high cost of production. Hence, an optimum parameter is now crucial to maximize the yield and the quality, at the same time minimize loss. Furthermore, the concern about the halal food among Muslim give advantage to hydrocolloids that have similar properties to gelatin, make it a suitable substitutes in food industry. Hydrocolloids from seaweed consist of three components, which are agar, carrageenan and alginates. The initial screening test shows that agar is the most abundance hydrocolloids with 13.70 mg/g yield. The optimal conditions for maximum yield were found at 5% NaOH concentration with 0.5 hours treatment time and 3 hours extraction time. Maximum gel strength was obtained for seaweed treated with 8% NaOH solution with 0.5 hours treatment time and 1 hour extraction time with 313.6 gcm-2 gel strength.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: 5784/20979
Uncontrolled Keywords: Graczlarza changii, hydrocolloids, seaweeds, gelatin replacers
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Irwandi Jaswir
Date Deposited: 05 Jul 2012 08:34
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2012 08:35
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/20979

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