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Special oil from date palm kernel

Mirghani, Mohamed Elwathig Saeed and Kabbashi, Nassereldeen Ahmed and Mohd Noor, Nur Ellyana (2011) Special oil from date palm kernel. In: Current research and development in biotechnology engineering at IIUM. IIUM Press, Kuala Lumpur, pp. 93-104. ISBN 9789674181444

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A laboratory scale for extraction and analysis of date palm kernel oil (DPKO) was conducted by date palm kernel (DPK) from two types of date which were Deglect Noor (DN) and Moshkan (MO). The moisture content for DN and MO were determined to be 4.176 % and 5.335% respectively. The extracted oil was then analyzed for acid value (AV), unsaponifiable oil and total phenolic content. The AV for DN and MO were found to be 1.71 ml/g and 2.19 ml/g respectively. The total phenolic content of the extracted oil for DN and MO were 0.988 mg/ml and 0.958 mg/ml respectively while for the unsaponified oil, the total phenolic content were 0.67 mg/ml and 0.84 mg/ml respectively. Central Composite Design (CCD) was used for optimization and the maximum oil extraction was 9.67%, achieved at 10 g and 5 hours for DN and 7.30% for MO which achieved at 6g and 4 hours. Generally, DN had high percentage of oil and total phenolic content in extracted oil than MO. However, MO had high percentage of moisture content, acid value and total phenolic content. Instead of chemical difference, their physical variation also obviously could be observed. The color of DPK for DN was less brown than MO and the color of oil for DN was more yellow than that of MO.

Item Type: Book Chapter
Additional Information: 4971/20955
Uncontrolled Keywords: date palm kernel (DPK), extraction, oil, phenolic compounds
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP670 Oils, fats, waxes
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: A Prof Elwathig Mirghani
Date Deposited: 04 Jul 2012 08:37
Last Modified: 04 Jul 2012 08:37
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/20955

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