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Knowledge on nutrition and frequency of food intake among pregnant women visiting Peringgit Community Polyclinic Melaka (PCPM)

Hasan, Haliza (2011) Knowledge on nutrition and frequency of food intake among pregnant women visiting Peringgit Community Polyclinic Melaka (PCPM). In: International Health Conference IIUM 2011 , 7 - 8 December 2011, Kuantan, Pahang.

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Introduction: Adequate maternal nutrient intake during pregnancy is essential to ensure satisfactory birth outcomes and prevent adverse effect. Inadequate intake of iron in pregnancy can cause anemia which increases risk of maternal mortality. Hence, a diet rich in iron should be included as an important health education planning on nutrition for pregnant women. Methodology and materials: This study used the descriptive study design. The questionnaire used in this study was distributed to pregnant women who attended antenatal check-up in Peringgit Community Polyclinic Melaka (PCPM) from 4th January 2011 until 2nd February 2011. The statistical used in this study were chi-square and ANOVA to analyse the data and to examine the relationship between knowledge and frequency intake. Results: The findings in this study showed that: there was significant difference in the pregnant women’s knowledge on nutrition; frequency of food intake rich in iron; significant relationship between occupation, household income, household income expenditure for food and knowledge on nutrition (p-value = 0.001); but, there was no significant relationship between knowledge on nutrition and frequency of food intake. Conclusion: The data obtained from this study used questionnaire on pregnant women’s diet recall for the last one to two months should being combined with the 24hours diet recall for more accurate results. Hence, further study on pregnant women’s knowledge and dietary intake using a questionnaire with more details should be conducted to obtain accurate result. Acknowledgement: My special thanks to Assoc. Prof. Dr. Faridah Hashim as a Deputy Dean (Academic) and supervisor for her helpful supervision and guidance, without which this study would not have been able to see its fruition. Dato’ Dr. Hj. Azmi Bin Hashim (Pengarah, Jabatan Kesihatan Negeri Melaka) and State Matron, Dr. Hjh. Rohaya (Medical Administrator Officer at PCPM), Matron Maznah, Matron Maimunah, Sister Che Som, Sister Shaliza, PHN Roziyah, PHN Nor Rasidah, staff nurses and all community nurses at PCPM for their help during the data collection process in this study. Prof. Dato’. Dr. Kamaruzaman Wan Su (Dean, Kulliyyah of Nursing) for his support and very special thanks to my beloved family for their endless support throughout the duration of this study.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Additional Information: 5000/15618
Uncontrolled Keywords: nutrition, pregnant women
Subjects: R Medicine > RT Nursing
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Nursing
Depositing User: DR HALIZA HASAN
Date Deposited: 19 Jul 2013 12:15
Last Modified: 19 Jul 2013 12:15
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/15618

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