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An integrated approach for the prediction of water quality index based on land use attribute using data generation method and back propagation network algorith

Gorashi, Faris and Abdullah, Alias (2009) An integrated approach for the prediction of water quality index based on land use attribute using data generation method and back propagation network algorith. Journal of the Malaysian Institute of Planners, 7. pp. 83-109. ISSN 1675-6215

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Abstract

Malaysian experts have warned that several major cities, including the capital Kuala Lumpur, could face serious water shortages due to over-pollution of the country's rivers by problems brought about by over-development. As 97 per cent of Malaysia’s water supply is sourced from surface water, the main aim of this study was to identify a relationship between water quality and land use attributes. The study which was conducted on Gombak River in and its watershed in Malaysia, introduced data generation method for the prediction and forecast of LU/LC data within the watershed. The method used exponential model equation, Lagrange model equation 3rd & fourth degree polynomial fit, saturation growth-rate model in order to generate the required data and artificial neural network’s back propagation network algorithm. The study also introduces the LA-WQI model. This model was developed by associating the appropriate loading factors to a set of sub indices. The findings revealed that as the activities increased throughout the watershed, the values of WQI quality decreased accordingly. The accuracy of prediction of the proposed LA-WQI ranged from 94.3% to 99.3% between Actual DOE-WQI and LA-WQI for station 18 in Gombak River. The results of predicted WQI obtained using LA-WQI, showed a continuous decrease of water quality. Despite the high accuracy attained by the application of LA-WQI model on Gombak River; it has not yet been tested on other rivers. It is recommended that future studies should be able to further test the current model on a regional scale.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 2572/12744
Uncontrolled Keywords: Water Quality Index, ANN, Gombak River, Back Propagation, Land-Use Data Generation
Subjects: G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > G Geography (General)
G Geography. Anthropology. Recreation > GE Environmental Sciences
H Social Sciences > HA Statistics
H Social Sciences > HD Industries. Land use. Labor > HD72 Economic growth, development, planning
N Fine Arts > NA Architecture > NA9000 Aesthetics of cities. City planning and beautifying
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA170 Environmental engineering
T Technology > TD Environmental technology. Sanitary engineering > TD172 Environmental pollution
T Technology > TH Building construction > TH6014 Environmental engineering.
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design > Department of Urban & Regional Planning
Depositing User: Prof. Dato' Dr. Alias Abdullah
Date Deposited: 26 Jan 2012 15:39
Last Modified: 26 Jan 2012 17:14
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/12744

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