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Synthesis of various carbon nanomaterials (CNMs) on powdered activated carbon

Al-Saadi, Mohammed A. and Al-Mamun, Abdullah and Muyibi, Suleyman Aremu and Alam, Md Zahangir and Sopyan, Iis and Atieh, Muataz A. and Ahmed, Yehya M. (2011) Synthesis of various carbon nanomaterials (CNMs) on powdered activated carbon. African Journal of Biotechnology, 10 (81). pp. 18892-18905. ISSN 1684–5315

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Carbon nanomaterials (CNMs) are promising in many potential applications for their attractive physical and chemical properties. Chemical vapor deposition technique (CVD) is used to synthesize CNMs on fixed substrate. Powdered activated carbon (PAC) was used as a successful substrate for CNMs growth in CVD reaction process. Iron clustered nano particles Fe3+ was impregnated successfully on PAC surface under sonication. EDX characterization results showed the evidence of impregnation and growth of CNMs on PAC surface. The optimum weight percentage of Fe3+ impregnation on PAC was found to be 5%. The CVD reactor used in this study was locally fabricated and modified to reduce the process time and cost. CNMs were synthesized at different temperatures (850, 750, 650 and 550°C) and the maximum yield was obtained at 550°C with majority of CNFs. Various types of CNMs were grown: carbon nanotubes (CNTs), carbon nanofibers (CNFs), CN spheres and CN-coils. Field emission scanning electron microscopy (FESEM) and transmission electron microscopy (TEM) images were studied for all the samples to investigate the nanostructures for CNMs.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 5174/12182
Uncontrolled Keywords: carbon nanomaterials, carbon nanotube, carbon nanofibers, nanotechnology, chemical vapor deposition, catalyst impregnation, activated carbon.
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Abdullah Al Mamun
Date Deposited: 21 Dec 2011 15:32
Last Modified: 10 Aug 2017 10:37
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/12182

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