IIUM Repository

The impact of INGOs and governmental assistance on women entrepreneurs' financial performance

Pashtoon, Rahmatullah and Mohamad, Noorihsan and Hamid, Zarinah (2024) The impact of INGOs and governmental assistance on women entrepreneurs' financial performance. Journal of Enterprise and Development (JED), 6 (2). pp. 400-413. ISSN 2715-3118 E-ISSN 2685-8258

PDF (Journal) - Published Version
Download (3MB) | Preview


Purpose - This study aims to explore and analyze the effects of International Non-Governmental Organizations (JNGOs) and governmental assistance programs on the financial performance of women entrepreneurs. It assesses how different forms of support contribute to the economic empowerment and success of women-led businesses. Method - The study utilized an exploratory and descriptive research methodology, incorporating primary data. It surveyed 308 autonomous female entrepreneurs in Kandahar, Afghanistan using a cross-sectional questionnaire. The study employs purposive sampling and an OLS statistical model using IBM SPSS V27. Result - The findings indicate that support programs from INGOs and government assistance positively and significantly influence the financial performance of women-run businesses in terms of profitability volume, average annual sales, return on investment, and inventory turnover. Practical implications - The research emphasizes the crucial role of International Non­ Governmental Organizations (INGOs) and government aid programs in enhancing the economic success of female entrepreneurs. Policymakers, INGOs, and local government organizations should concentrate on creating specialized support programs that provide financial assistance, training, and resources customized for women-led companies in socio-economically disadvantaged regions. These findings promote extending support programs to additional areas, highlighting the importance of ongoing and customized help to ensure the endurance and development of women's entrepreneurship. This approach aids in economic empowerment and promotes broader socio­ economic progress by assisting women entrepreneurs in overcoming specific obstacles and benefiting their communities.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: financial performance, government, INGOs, women entrepreneurs
Subjects: H Social Sciences > HA Statistics > HA154 Statistical data
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory > HB522 Income. Factor shares.Interest.Profit.Entrepreneurship
H Social Sciences > HG Finance > HG4001 Financial management. Business finance. Corporation finance.
H Social Sciences > HV Social pathology. Social and public welfare > HV541 Women and charity
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences
Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences > Department of Economics
Depositing User: Dr. Zarinah Hamid
Date Deposited: 21 May 2024 09:01
Last Modified: 21 May 2024 09:05
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/112251

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year