IIUM Repository

The consciousness of Turkiye in Malaysia Ottoman history in Malaysian secondary history textbooks (1989-2022)

Mohd Noor Merican, Ahmad Murad and Akgun, Tayfun (2023) The consciousness of Turkiye in Malaysia Ottoman history in Malaysian secondary history textbooks (1989-2022). Al-Shajarah, 28 (2). pp. 281-313. ISSN 1394-6870

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (2MB) | Request a copy


This article explores the teaching of Ottoman history and the image of the Ottomans through a close and critical reading of Malaysian secondary history textbooks used between 1989 and 2022. It argues that Malaysian secondary history textbooks focus mainly on the political and military aspects of sixteenth-century Ottoman history. They do not, consciously or subconsciously, make detailed reference to political and socio-economic turning points in nineteenth-century Ottoman history. Sejarah Tingkatan 2 (History: Form 2), one of the history textbooks examined in the article, exceptionally discusses the impact of Ottoman pan-Islamism and Turkish nationalism on the political and religious thought of the Malays. Nonetheless, history textbooks published after the 2000s have not touched on these important issues. In history textbooks, the Ottoman Empire is regarded as one of the significant states of the Islamic world; therefore, Ottoman history is analyzed within the framework of Islamic history and Islamic civilization. The portrayal of Ottomans is positive and favourable. There are no distortions, biases, or stereotypes concerning Ottoman history in Malaysian secondary history textbooks.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Malaysia, Ottoman history, the image of the Ottomans, history textbooks, history education.
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > B Philosophy (General)
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc > BP1 Islam
D History General and Old World > D History (General)
L Education > LA History of education
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): International Institute of Islamic Thought and Civilization (ISTAC)
Date Deposited: 19 Mar 2024 14:44
Last Modified: 19 Mar 2024 14:44
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/111437

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year