IIUM Repository

Upper tract transitional cell carcinoma: an array of imaging conundrum

Haroon, Raihanah and Che Mohamed, Siti Kamariah and Kamarulzaman, Mohd Nazli and Ahmad Affandi, Khairunisa (2024) Upper tract transitional cell carcinoma: an array of imaging conundrum. IIUM Journal of Orofacial and Health Sciences, 5 (1). pp. 96-102. E-ISSN 2735-0584

[img] PDF (Article) - Published Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (698kB) | Request a copy


We report a 38-year-old gentleman who presented with painless haematuria for 6-months duration. Contrast-enhanced CT renal revealed a large, calcified intrapelvic mass with calyceal extension confined within the right kidney with moderate pelvicalyceal dilatation but no evidence of synchronous lesion elsewhere. Histopathological analysis showed high grade urothelial carcinoma of the renal pelvis with invasion of renal parenchyma. Upper tract urothelial carcinoma (UTUC) which was once thought similar to urothelial carcinoma of the bladder (UCB), is increasingly being recognized as a different entity. However, heterogenous array of imaging manifestations of UTUC is also increasingly being encountered and pose diagnostic challenges though UTUC is not as prevalent as UCB which is easier to diagnose. Despite distinctive features against renal cell carcinoma (RCC), UTUC may mimic numerous other renal pathologies especially the benign ones hence imaging plays a pivotal role in ascertaining the diagnosis. This disease is usually treated with radical nephroureterectomy with superadded neoadjuvant chemotherapy for high-risk cases. Less invasive endoscopic resection is also offered in certain cases but stringent surveillance of the whole urinary tract as well as post-operative follow-up are mandatory.

Item Type: Article (Case Report)
Uncontrolled Keywords: upper tract transitional cell carcinoma, upper tract urothelial carcinoma
Subjects: R Medicine > RB Pathology
R Medicine > RD Surgery
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Radiology
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Surgery
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Pathology & Lab Medicine
Kulliyyah of Medicine
Depositing User: Raihanah Haroon
Date Deposited: 06 Mar 2024 16:36
Last Modified: 06 Mar 2024 16:37
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/111156

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year