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Development of semi-fluidized bed bioreactor as novel bioreactor system for the treatment of palm oil mill effluent (POME)

Alad, Abass O. and Jameel, Ahmed Tariq and Muyibi, Suleyman Aremu and Abdul Karim, Mohamed Ismail and Alam, Md. Zahangir (2011) Development of semi-fluidized bed bioreactor as novel bioreactor system for the treatment of palm oil mill effluent (POME). In: 2nd International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering (ICBioE 2011), 17-19 May 2011, The Legend Hotel, Kuala Lumpur.

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Abstract

Palm oil mill effluent (POME) is a high strength organic wastewater, which adversely affects the aquatic life as well as the human life directly or indirectly. This has attracted concern due to the rapid expansion of the oil palm industries in countries such as Malaysia and Indonesia, which currently contribute about 80% of the world palm oil. The conventional treatment techniques used over the past decades includes various bioreactors such as Pond digester, Anaerobic filtration, Up-flow anaerobic sludge blanket (UASB), Up-flow anaerobic sludge fixed-film (UASFF) , Continuous stirred tank reactor (CSTR), Anaerobic contact digestion and Fluidized bed. These bioreactors are largely operated anaerobically and have been reported to be less effective for the treatment of the increasing volume of POME as well as meeting the new stringent wastewater standards. Therefore, treatment method such as aerobic under a continuous system is anticipated to be effective alternative to the defects observed in the previously employed bioreactors. The use of semifluidized bed bioreactor containing immobilized cells for the biodegradation of various high strength organic wastewater have been reported as highly efficient treatment method. Thus, in order to address the increasing environmental impact of POME in the palm oil producing nations, the application of semifluidized bed bioreactor as a novel technology in the palm oil industry will be of immense benefit, economically and environmentally.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Full Paper)
Additional Information: 5642/11091 (Proceeding of the 2nd International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering (ICBioE 2011))
Uncontrolled Keywords: Bioreactors, POME, Semifluidised Bioreactor, Wastewater
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes: Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Ahmad Tariq Jameel
Date Deposited: 04 Aug 2012 14:46
Last Modified: 18 Jun 2013 11:29
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/11091

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