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Patient’s satisfaction towards healthcare services and its associated factors at the highest patient loads government primary care clinic in Pahang

Md Nor, Mohd Zamir and Said, Abdul Hadi and Che' Man, Mohamad and Yusof, Muhammad Zubir (2024) Patient’s satisfaction towards healthcare services and its associated factors at the highest patient loads government primary care clinic in Pahang. Medical Journal of Malaysia, 79 (1). pp. 34-41. ISSN 0300-5283

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Introduction: Patient satisfaction is widely used to monitor the quality of health care services. A significant patient load may influence health care services and patient satisfaction. Klinik Kesihatan Bandar Kuantan, Pahang (KKBK) has the highest patient loads in Pahang state, followed by Klinik Kesihatan Beserah and Klinik Kesihatan Kurnia. There are up to 700 attendees at KKBK per day, representing a population of 209679. KKBK had receives several complaints and patient unhappiness with its health care services, despite the administration’s efforts to improve the clinics healthcare delivery. Thus, this study aimed to measure patients' satisfaction towards health care services at Pahang’s highest patient loads primary care clinic. Materials and Methods: A cross-sectional study was conducted at Klinik Kesihatan Bandar Kuantan, Kuantan, Pahang. Patients were selected using stratified random sampling, and 201 participants were selected. The selected participants were asked to fill up the self-administered validated questionnaires consisting of background characteristics and Patient Satisfaction Questionnaire 18 (PSQ-18). Data collection period was from March 2022 to August 2022. Descriptive analysis was used to describe the background characteristics of respondents and the score of patient satisfaction. Multiple linear regression was used to determine the factors associated with patient satisfaction while adjusting for cofounders. Results: A total of 201 eligible data points were analysed in the study. The respondent mean age was 47.1 ± 16.9. Most respondents were Malay (68.7%), having secondary education (54.2%) and predominantly from the B40 income class (88.1%). The overall mean patient satisfaction score was 3.83 ± 0.31. There were significant associations between overall satisfaction with patient education level (B = −0.144; 95% CI −0.246, −0.042; p = 0.006), waiting time (B = −0.371; 95% CI −0.534, −0.209; p = 0.001) and consultation duration (B = −0.154; 95% CI −0.253, −0.055; p = 0.0020). It was found that patients with secondary education were less satisfied compared to patients with primary education level on health care services they received. Meanwhile, those who were not happy with the waiting time and consultation duration showed less satisfaction with overall healthcare services.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Patient satisfaction; primary care; healthcare service
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Community Medicine (Effective: 1st January 2011)
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Family Medicine (Effective: 1st January 2011)
Date Deposited: 14 Feb 2024 09:36
Last Modified: 07 May 2024 16:56
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/110835

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