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Development of PVA-Chitosan/PANi hydrogels for environmental applications

Zulkifli, Ahmad Akid and Sa’adon, Muhammad Hazwan and Serati, Flora and Mohd Zaki, Syazwani (2023) Development of PVA-Chitosan/PANi hydrogels for environmental applications. In: 3rd International Conference on Universal Wellbeing (ICUW) 2022, Online Conference.

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This paper focused on a new, alluring, and environmentally friendly technique for possible seawater desalination and water purification: solar-driven steam generation or solar vapor generation (SVG). SVG has two basic components consisting of a substrate for water transportation and a light absorber for converting light energy to heat energy. Hydrogel is a physically or chemically crosslinked polymer chain network that has the potential to be used for harvesting fresh water owing to its threedimensional networking structure hydrogel. A polymer chain of crosslinked structures has a fixed shape and can swell by absorbing water or organic solvent. The mechanism of harvesting fresh water with hydrogel involves solar energy that vaporizes impurities from water and results in freshwater. This is important in combating the ongoing water scarcity problems, especially in remote areas with limited access to clean water. Overall, this experiment aims to investigate on PVA-Chitosan/PANI hydrogels with different amounts of glutaraldehyde (GA) content. From the swelling behavior experiment, hydrogel with 14.5 µl GA content showed the maximum swelling ratio at pH 10 with Qgel = 1.68 at pH 10 and at pH 4 with Qgel = 1.54. The water uptake of such hydrogels depends on environmental conditions such as pH, ionic strength, temperature, and electrical or magnetic field. Furthermore, the higher content of GA increased the number of pores in the hydrogel network structure, which enabled it to transport water more easily for real-life applications.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Slide Presentation)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Hydrogels, SVG, Polyvinyl alcohol, Chitosan, Polyaniline.
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General) > T173.2 Technological change
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP1080 Polymers, plastics and their manufacture
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Syazwani Mohd Zaki
Date Deposited: 25 Sep 2023 12:16
Last Modified: 25 Sep 2023 12:20
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/107027

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