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Federated deep learning for automated detection of diabetic retinopathy

Zainal Abidin, Nadzurah and Ismail, Amelia Ritahani (2022) Federated deep learning for automated detection of diabetic retinopathy. In: IEEE 8th International Conference on Computing, Engineering and Design (ICCED), 28-29 July 2022, Sukabumi, Indonesia.

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Diabetic retinopathy (DR) is a primary cause of impaired vision that can lead to permanent blindness if not detected and treated early. Unfortunately, DR frequently has no early warning signs and may not generate any symptoms. According to recent figures, over 382 million people worldwide suffer from DR, with the number expected to climb to 592 million by 2030. Patients with DR may not be treated in time given the apparent large number of DR patients and inadequate medical resources in specific places, resulting in missed treatment possibilities and eventually irreversible vision loss. Color fundus diagnosis requires highly experienced experts to recognize the existence of tiny features and the relevance of DR. Unfortunately, manually diagnosing DR is time-consuming, tedious and error-prone. At the same time, the effect of manual interpretation is highly dependent on the medical expert experiences. Deep learning is a machine learning algorithm with potential for detecting the significance of DR. However, deep learning still suffers from high computational cost, requires tons of training data, over fitting, and non-trivial hyper parameter tuning. Thus, in order to build a model that can compete with medical experts, deep learning algorithms must feed a huge number of instances or pool data from other institutions. Federated learning allows deep learning algorithms to learn from a diverse set of data stored in multiple databases. Federated learning is a novel method for training deep learning models on local DR patient data, with just model parameters exchanged between medical facilities. The objectives of this research is to avoid the requirement sharing DR patient data, since such approaches expedite the development of deep learning models through the use of federated learning. Primarily, we propose a federated learning which decentralizes deep learning by eliminating the need to pool data in a single location. In this research, we present a practical method for the federated learning of deep network based on retinal image of diabetic retinopathy.

Item Type: Proceeding Paper (Plenary Papers)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Deep learning,Machine learning algorithms,Federated learning, Retinopathy, Computational modeling, Predictive models, Data models
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Information and Communication Technology
Kulliyyah of Information and Communication Technology

Kulliyyah of Information and Communication Technology > Department of Computer Science
Kulliyyah of Information and Communication Technology > Department of Computer Science
Depositing User: Amelia Ritahani Ismail
Date Deposited: 03 Aug 2023 16:42
Last Modified: 24 Jan 2024 16:44
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/105810

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