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The effect of alkaline treatment to pseudo-stem banana fibers on the performance of polylactic acid/ banana fiber composite

Al-Daas, Aseel and Azmi, Azlin Suhaida and Ali, Fathilah and Anuar, Hazleen (2023) The effect of alkaline treatment to pseudo-stem banana fibers on the performance of polylactic acid/ banana fiber composite. Journal of Natural Fibers, 20 (1). pp. 1-13. ISSN 1544-0478 E-ISSN 1544-046X

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Banana fiber (BF) is a renewable resource which can be a good reinforcer to polylactic acid, enhancing the polymers stiffness and accelerating biodegrad�ability rates. However, due to the difference in nature between banana fibers (hydrophilic) and polylactic acid (hydrophobic), a good adhesion between the fiber and the matrix cannot be achieved. To tackle the problem, the fibers were chemically treated using sodium hydroxide under three factors (tem�perature, concentration, and treatment time). The factors interactions were given by response surface methodology and the statistical interactions were observed by ANOVA. Alkaline effect on fiber’s morphology, composition, mechanical, and morphological properties of composites produced were observed. Young’s modulus values have increased substantially compared to untreated fiber’s composites, with a slight increase in the tensile strength values. However, the elongation at break values have slightly dropped with the fiber’s alkaline treatment. Scanning electron microscope observations had shown a successful removal of impurities (e.g. hemicellulose, wax) and between the fiber’s strands, and an improvement of surface structure. Fourier-transform infrared spectroscopy analysis showed the successful removal of impurities, and interaction between PLA and banana fibers.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP200 Manufacture and use of chemicals
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Manufacturing and Materials Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Azlin Suhaida Azmi
Date Deposited: 05 Jul 2023 15:54
Last Modified: 05 Jul 2023 15:54
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/105343

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