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Malaysian non-Arabic speaking learners' readiness in a virtual second language learning environment

Kassim, Noorafini and Sahrir, Muhammad Sabri and Tunku Ahmad, Tunku Badariah (2023) Malaysian non-Arabic speaking learners' readiness in a virtual second language learning environment. Indonesian Journal of Applied Linguistics, 13 (1). pp. 1-29. ISSN 2301-9468 E-ISSN 2502-6747

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Readiness is an important indicator of learners' willingness to engage productively in a virtual learning environment. Low readiness is believed to be the main reason behind virtual learning failure. The purpose of this present study is to investigate the effects of online readiness on learners’ learning satisfaction and performance in a virtual second language learning environment on a sample of 203 Malaysian Non-Arabic Speaking Learners using a cross-sectional survey. This study further explored which dimension of readiness is found to be the strongest predictor of their level of satisfaction and performance. Partial least square structural equation modeling (PLS-SEM) analysis examined the predictive relationships between readiness, satisfaction, and performance. The results proved that online readiness was statistically a significant predictor of their learning satisfaction and performance, indicating computer and internet self-efficacy in performing activities in the virtual learning environment as the strongest predictor. By identifying the most influential predictors, this study recognizes which key elements of virtual environment learning language learners would need more to relish learning and achieve their goals. This groundbreaking study provides a much-needed contribution to our understanding of virtual second language learning environments (VLLE) among non-Arabic-speaking undergraduate Malaysian learners. By conducting a comprehensive analysis of the factors that influence learning satisfaction and performance, this study offers critical insights that have not been previously explored. The findings highlight the paramount importance of assessing the readiness of online learners and the learning environment they are in, providing valuable guidance for higher education institutions seeking to enhance the success of VLLE. This study sets a precedent for future research in the field and underscores the need for ongoing efforts to improve virtual language learning environments to better serve the needs of students.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Online readiness; learning satisfaction; student performance; virtual language learning environment; non-Arabic speaking learners
Subjects: L Education > L Education (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Education > Department of Language & Literacy
Kulliyyah of Education
Depositing User: Prof Dr Muhammad Sabri Sahrir
Date Deposited: 09 Jun 2023 11:05
Last Modified: 09 Jun 2023 11:32
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/104992

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