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Perceptions toward healthcare and dental care services among parents and caretakers of people with intellectual disability (PWID)—a questionnaire study

Mohd, Farah Natashah and Said, Abdul Hadi and Mat Naji, Ahmad Syahir (2023) Perceptions toward healthcare and dental care services among parents and caretakers of people with intellectual disability (PWID)—a questionnaire study. Journal of International Society of Preventive and Community Dentistry, 13 (1). pp. 54-61. ISSN 2231-0762 E-ISSN 2250-1002

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Aim and Objective: In Malaysia, there was lack of local evidence on the perception of parents/caretakers of people with intellectual disabilities (PWID) about healthcare. Thus, this study aims to assess the perceptions toward healthcare services of parents or caretakers for PWID. Materials and Methods: Online survey using Google Forms was conducted on parents/caretakers of PWID who attended the special care dentistry clinic and special community centers in Kuantan, Pahang. A questionnaire was developed for data collection. Cronbach alpha was conducted to measure the reliability. Content and face validation was performed to establish the validity. Data entry and analysis were done using IBM statistical package for social sciences (SPSS) version 24. This study only involved univariate (descriptive) data analysis in which categorical data were summarized in actual numbers and percentages. Results: The respondents’ perceptions toward healthcare access and services were reasonably good; about 50% disagreed and strongly disagreed on having difficulty accessing healthcare facilities. 65% and 55% of parents/caretakers brought PWID for regular health and dental checkups. The majority agreed and strongly agreed (about 73%) that healthcare staff gave equal services and good support and showed positive attitudes toward PWID under their care. Insufficient healthcare information and below-par communication skills remained the main barriers faced by the parents/caretakers of PWID. About 13% of the respondents reported experiencing discrimination in receiving health and dental services for PWID under their care. The Cronbach alpha scores for sections 2 and 4 were 0.892 and 0.681, respectively. Conclusion: Most of the respondents felt that Malaysia’s healthcare services for PWID were fairly good. However, it was intriguing to find that some still experienced discrimination. This shows that education about intellectual disability is salient for healthcare workers and should be embedded in the current curriculum.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Perception, healthcare services, dental care services, intellectual disability (PWID), parents, caretakers
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RK Dentistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Dentistry
Kulliyyah of Dentistry > Department of Oral Maxillofacial Surgery and Oral Diagnosis
Kulliyyah of Medicine
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Family Medicine (Effective: 1st January 2011)
Depositing User: Dr FARAH MOHD
Date Deposited: 07 Mar 2023 11:49
Last Modified: 07 Mar 2023 11:49
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/103882

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