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Moss and polyaromatic hydrocarbon in Malaysia: A recent ten-year evaluation

Hanifah, Nurul Azlen and Abdullah Sani, Muhamad Shirwan and Baharuddin, Zainul Mukrim and Nik Mohd Kamil, Nik Norhazrina (2023) Moss and polyaromatic hydrocarbon in Malaysia: A recent ten-year evaluation. Halalsphere, 3 (1). pp. 64-89. E-ISSN 2773-6040

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The ten-year evaluation of moss species related to Polyaromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs) in Malaysia is discussed in this paper review. Mosses are excellent biomonitors and bio-indicators of PAH deposition in the environment, often by considering the diversity and development of naturally growing bryophytes and moss bags and have been extensively used in studies of atmospheric contamination over the past decades. The review also highlighted the sources of PAHs atmospheric pollution in the environment. The sample preparation, storage, and extraction methods are discussed and reviewed. Recent applications of gas chromatography for assessing PAH compound emission by mosses are also discussed. Aside from that, current efforts to reduce PAH pollution are mentioned.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Moss; Biomonitoring; Polycyclic Aromatic Hydrocarbons (PAHs); Gas Chromatography - Mass Spectrometry (GC-MS); Extraction; Reduce pollution
Subjects: Q Science > QD Chemistry
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): International Institute for Halal Research and Training (INHART)
Kulliyyah of Architecture and Environmental Design
Depositing User: Muhamad Shirwan Abdullah Sani
Date Deposited: 08 Feb 2023 15:46
Last Modified: 08 Feb 2023 15:47
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/103630

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