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Addressing bullying from a clinical perspective

Zakaria, Rozanizam (2022) Addressing bullying from a clinical perspective. The Health, 5 (44). p. 27. ISSN 2600-9188

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Bullying is when someone repeatedly and on purpose says or does mean and hurtful things to another person who has a hard time defending himself or herself (Olweus 1993, Smith & Sharp 1994). The key feature is its intention to cause harm to others involving threats, rumours, physical, verbal, online, and/or purposely excluding some from the group. Another important element is the presence of power imbalance between the two parties. In this context, power can be either physical strength, access to embarrassing information, popularity, sociodemographic, skills, or access to resources or numbers. Large-scale studies in Western nations suggest that 4-9 per cent of youths frequently engage in bullying behaviors and 9–25 per cent of school-age children are bullied (Stassen Berger 2007). The National Health and Morbidity Survey (2017) revealed that one in six Malaysian adolescents was a recent victim of bullying with boys being bullied more than girls. A local study by Sabramani et.al. (2021) also reported that verbal bullying was the main type of bullying (51.2 per cent) and cyberbullying is the least common form (13.1 per cent). The risk factors associated with the act of bullying can be divided into four main factors – individuals, family, peers and community. These factors usually are inter-connected and need to be addressed holistically.

Item Type: Article (Magazine)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Adolescent, bully, school, mental health
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology > BF712 Developmental psychology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Psychiatry
Kulliyyah of Medicine
Depositing User: Dr Rozanizam Zakaria
Date Deposited: 16 Jan 2023 12:14
Last Modified: 16 Jan 2023 12:14
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/102977

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