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Screen media dependency and its associated factors among pre-school children in Kuala Lumpur

Abdul Hadi, Azwanis and Abd Latip, Nurul Akmal and Samsudin, Suhaiza and Mohammad Aidid, Edre and Zakaria, Rozanizam (2022) Screen media dependency and its associated factors among pre-school children in Kuala Lumpur. Journal of Behavioral Addictions, 11 (1 (Suppl)). pp. 300-301. ISSN 2062-5871 E-ISSN 2063-5303

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Introduction: Earlier and prolonged screen media exposure to young children is associated with negative health concerns. Not much is known about screen media dependency among preschool children. This study aimed to measure its prevalence and associated factors among preschool children in Kuala Lumpur. Methods: A cross-sectional study was carried out at registered preschools in Kuala Lumpur. 300 parents of preschool children aged 4 to 6 years old who fulfilled the inclusion and exclusion criteria were recruited via simple random sampling. The newly developed Screen Dependency Score (SDS) assessed their dependency on screen media. Descriptive and bivariable statistics were analysed using IBMSPSS version 27. Results: The prevalence of screen media dependency among preschool children in Kuala Lumpur was 65.7%. Multiple logistic regression found that a preschool child who used a smartphone [OR (95% CI) 2.735 (1.244 - 6.013), p-value 0.012], whose parents used screen media to resolve quarrel among their children [2.855 (1.187 - 6.868), p-value 0.019], children who had more than 2 hours screen time over the weekend [2.261 (1.058 - 4.830), p-value 0.035] and children with television in their bedroom [5.562 (1.591 - 19.442), p-value 0.007] were found to be more likely to have screen media dependency. Meanwhile, active co-use as a parental mediation strategy was found to be protective [0.505 (0.302 - 0.845), p-value 0.009]. Conclusion: Screen media dependency among pre-school children is a public health problem that needs to be addressed. It is hoped that these findings will create more awareness and provide the basic data needed to create preventive measures.

Item Type: Article (other)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Screen media, dependency, preschool, children, Malaysia
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RJ Pediatrics
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Community Medicine (Effective: 1st January 2011)
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Family Medicine (Effective: 1st January 2011)
Date Deposited: 13 Jan 2023 14:58
Last Modified: 13 Jan 2023 15:17
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/102638

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