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Mechanical and biodegradation properties of fresh and rotten jicama starches based bioplastics

Nazree, Anne Aleesa and Adrus, Nadia and Ab Muis, Zarina and Hashim, Haslenda and Baharulrazi, Norfhairna and Che Man, Siti Hajjar and Zainal Alam, Muhd Nazrul Hisham and A. Majid, Rohah and Johnson, Edwina and Abdullah, Abdul Razak and Chuprat, Bahrul Razha and Ali, Fathilah and Jamaluddin, Jamarosliza (2022) Mechanical and biodegradation properties of fresh and rotten jicama starches based bioplastics. Environmental Quality Management, 32 (1). pp. 355-364. ISSN 1088-1913 E-ISSN 1520-6483

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Recently, starch-based bioplastics have been proposed to curb the problem caused by conventional plastics. Yet, current bioplastics are made from food sources which cause competition with food industries. Hence, we have produced bioplastics using rotten starch-based material to tackle this problem. In this study, a comprehensive investigation has been carried out on the preparation of bioplastics extracted from fresh jicama (FJ) and rotten jicama (RJ). Specifically, glycerol as the plasticizer and starch contents were varied to obtain bioplastic with the optimum properties via tensile, chemical and thermal characterizations. The results have confirmed that both FJ and RJ starch bioplastics possessed similar characteristics in terms of physical appearance, transparency and chemical functionalities. Moreover, the tensile and thermal properties of RJ and FJ bioplastics fall within the range specification for packaging applications. FJ bioplastic has maximum stress of 0.43 MPa and maximum strain of 50 MPa at an optimized concentration (St31%_gly6.75) which tells that they formed stronger and higher flexibility than RJ bioplastics. Importantly, the RJ bioplastics have a faster biodegradation rate compared to FJ bioplastics. In conclusion, bioplastics from rotten starch have properties as good as FJ and served as a feasible platform for the development of bioplastics from rotten sources.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP1080 Polymers, plastics and their manufacture
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Dr Fathilah Ali
Date Deposited: 02 Nov 2022 16:15
Last Modified: 02 Nov 2022 16:15
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/100947

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