IIUM Repository

Optimisation of culture condition for Sacha Inchi (Plukenetia volubilis) Callus induction

Rosle, Norsyahira and Mohd Jalil, Jasrina and Abdul Wahab, Widya and Yunus, Muhamad Fahmi and Meenakshi Sundram, Tamil Chelvan (2021) Optimisation of culture condition for Sacha Inchi (Plukenetia volubilis) Callus induction. In: International Conference on BioScience and Biorefinery, 13-14 October 2021, Bandung, Indonesia. (Unpublished)

PDF (Abstract) - Supplemental Material
Download (760kB) | Preview


Plukenetia volubilis or commonly known as sacha inchi produces wide range of health‐promoting bioactive compounds. The plant has large edible seeds that are rich in phenolics, minerals and essential fatty acid, such as omega 3, omega 6, omega 7 and omega 9. In vitro cultures could serve as alternative in producing many essential sacha inchi bioactive compounds. In this study, as an initial step towards initiating in vitro cultures, the effect of 2,4-D and TDZ on callus induction using leaves and male flower as explants were investigated. Surface sterilization of the sacha inchi explants were done by using 70% ethanol (30 seconds) and 0.5% sodium chloride (8 minutes) to overcome culture contamination. The sterilization method resulted in 82.5% and 95% survival rate for leaf and flower explants, respectively. Next, for callus induction the explants were cultured on MS medium supplemented with different concentrations of 2,4-D and TDZ, either alone or in combination and grown in 24 hours dark photoperiods. The morphology and size of callus obtained varied according to the treatment. Callus produced are either friable or compact with either creamy white, pure white or brownish colour. For both explants, the best response in term of callus size, friability and creamy white callus was obtained when cultured on MS medium supplemented with 3% (w/v) sucrose in combination with 1.0 mg/L 2,4-D and 0.005 mg/L TDZ.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Other)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Sacha inchi, callus, in vitro culture, leaves
Subjects: Q Science > QH Natural history > QH301 Biology
S Agriculture > SB Plant culture
T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP248.13 Biotechnology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Plant Science
Depositing User: Dr Tamil Chelvan Meenakshi Sundram
Date Deposited: 13 Oct 2022 15:09
Last Modified: 13 Oct 2022 15:09
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/100542

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year