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Acute and subchronic toxicity of Indonesian House Dust Mites (IHDM) Allergenic Extract for Asthma Allergy Immunotherapy

Budiatin, Aniek Setia and Pratama, Yusuf Ali and Fatma Sari, Winda and Rahmadi, Mahardian and Bakhtiar, M. Taher and Zakaria, Zainul Amiruddin and Khotib, Junaidi (2022) Acute and subchronic toxicity of Indonesian House Dust Mites (IHDM) Allergenic Extract for Asthma Allergy Immunotherapy. Jurnal Farmasi dan Ilmu Kefarmasian Indonesia, 9 (2). pp. 185-192. ISSN 2406-9388 E-ISSN 2580-8303

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Background: In developing a pharmaceutical product, it is necessary to conduct pre-clinical and clinical trials to ensure its safety and effectiveness. The toxicity test is conducted to assess the safety of a substance to determine its toxic effect of the substance. Objective: This study aims to determine the acute and subchronic toxicity of administering IHDM allergenic extract using experimental animal models. Methods: Female BALB/c mice and female and male Wistar rats were used as experimental animal models. While the IHDM allergenic extract was used with the level of Der p1 is 11.3-26.6 ng/mL and was administered by intravenous route. The acute toxicity test was carried out for 14 days on four different dose groups of experimental animals. The subchronic toxicity test was carried out for 28 days using three other dose groups of experimental animals. Results: The administration of a single dose of IHDM allergenic extract at various doses did not cause mice behaviour changes, and no death was shown in each group. Likewise, there was no change in the principal organs by macroscopic observations. Meanwhile, administering IHDM allergenic extract at repeated doses for 28 days could show signs of toxicity. The symptoms were shown in the histopathological structure of the liver, kidney, and heart organs. Conclusion: It can be concluded that the IHDM allergenic extract is safe for single-dose administration but shows toxic signs when given in repeated doses. Further tests are needed for 90 days of subchronic toxicity and satellite testing.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Subjects: R Medicine > RS Pharmacy and materia medica
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Pharmacy
Kulliyyah of Pharmacy > Department of Pharmaceutical Chemistry
Depositing User: Dr Muhammad Taher
Date Deposited: 02 Sep 2022 09:24
Last Modified: 02 Sep 2022 09:43
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/99783

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