IIUM Repository

Slope inspection system: using image processed by machine learning algorithm to determine risk of slope failure

Mat Shukor, Sabril Haziq and Syamsul Bahrin, Abdul Hamid and Kasim, Norhidayu and Ab. Moin, Zuraidah (2020) Slope inspection system: using image processed by machine learning algorithm to determine risk of slope failure. International Journal of Engineering Technology and Sciences, 7 (2). pp. 106-118. ISSN 2289-679X E-ISSN 2462-1269

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Malaysia is a tropical country that experiences rainy and hot weather throughout the year. The higher rainfall intensity leads to higher landslide occurrences in Malaysia. Landslides that occur nearby human settlements increase the risk and hazard to the public and properties that lead to significant economic losses. There are various methods in surveying the risk and hazard of landslide areas such as terrestrial laser scanning (TLS) and global positioning system (GPS). Most of the past research uses the conventional method which requires an in-situ field survey, lab analysis, and an additional software package to determine the hazard level for a slope. The conventional method is inefficient and time-consuming. In this paper, the potential of a machine-learning algorithm to improve the conventional approach in detecting the hazard in a landslide is discussed. The algorithm assesses the level of risk based on trained supervised images identified by experts in the field. Using the trained network model, it was found that Convolution Neural Network (CNN) can perform better than Fully Connected Layer with reduced processing time for sampled images at an accuracy of 66% compared and 33% respectively. However, when the trained CNN is subjected to actual IIUM slope images of which all have been identified as low risk by local expert, the actual accuracy of the network reduced to 50%, of which the remaining are predicted as high risk. More training data could be added to the CNN to improve the current accuracy.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Landslide, Deep Learning, Slope Failure, Machine Learning, Python, Big Data.
Subjects: T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA170 Environmental engineering. Sustainable engineering
T Technology > TA Engineering (General). Civil engineering (General) > TA495 Disasters and engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Mechatronics Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Civil Engineering
Depositing User: Ir.Ts.Dr. Norhidayu Kasim
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2022 11:00
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2022 11:06
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/99695

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