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Performance analysis of optimized screen-printed electrodes for electrochemical sensing

Roslan, Nurul Amira Farhana and Ab Rahim, Rosminazuin and Md Ralib @ Md Raghib, Aliza 'Aini and Za'bah, Nor Farahidah and Nordin, Anis Nurashikin and Bashri, Mohd Saiful Riza and Suhaimi, M. I. and Samsudin, Zambri and Ming, Lim Lai and Sugandi, Gandi (2022) Performance analysis of optimized screen-printed electrodes for electrochemical sensing. International Journal of Integrated Engineering, 14 (3). pp. 250-261. ISSN 2229-838X E-ISSN 2600-7916

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The screen-printed electrode (SPE) sensor is widely employed in food analysis, environmental health monitoring, disease detection, toxin detection and other applications. As it is crucial for the SPE sensor to have an outstanding performance, this study examined the effects of manipulating the working electrode (WE) radius, gap spacing between electrodes, and counter electrode (CE) width on the performance of an SPE sensor. Finite element simulation on various geometrical dimensions was done prior to screen-printed electrode SPE sensor’s fabrication at Jabil Circuits Sdn Bhd. The electrodes performance is measured through cyclic voltammetry (CV) using a potentiostat at an optimum scan rate of 0.01 V/s and a voltammetry potential window range of -0.2 to 0.8 V in 0.01 M Phosphate Buffered Saline (PBS) solution. It is discovered that adjusting the WE area and the gap separation between the electrodes had the most impact on sensor performance compared to varying the CE width. In both simulation and CV measurements, WE with the highest radius of 0.9 mm with an effective area of 2.54 mm2 and the smallest gap spacing of 0.7 mm has shown the highest current density of 0.04 A/mm2 (simulation) and 0.3 μA/mm2 (experiment) which can be translated as the highest sensitivity for the SPE sensor. Further CV measurement in nicotine sensing application has proven that the SPE sensor can effectively detect the nicotine oxidation indicating its promising potential as a biosensor. Combination of optimum SPE dimension together with suitable electrode modification process serves as the basis for an effective and sensitive SPE sensor for various biosensing applications.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Electrochemical sensor, SPE
Subjects: T Technology > T Technology (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering
Depositing User: Rosminazuin Ab Rahim
Date Deposited: 29 Aug 2022 08:50
Last Modified: 29 Aug 2022 08:50
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/99694

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