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Risk factors for stunting among infant and young children: a case-control study in Kuantan District, Pahang

Musa, Noraini and Pasi, Hafizah and Kamaruzaman, Nor Azam and Osman, Iskandar Firzada (2022) Risk factors for stunting among infant and young children: a case-control study in Kuantan District, Pahang. In: 7th Asia-Pacific Conference on Public Health, 2- 4 August 2022, Double Tree by Hilton Shah Alam, Malaysia. (Unpublished)

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Introduction: Stunting is the most prevalent form of malnutrition among the infant and young children population, both globally and locally. It refers to low height-for-age children and is primarily caused by chronic undernutrition. This study aims to explore the risk factors for stunting among infants and young children in the district of Kuantan, Pahang. Methodology: This case-control study was conducted at seven purposely selected government health clinics in Kuantan, Pahang from August to October 2021. A total of 40 children aged 6 to 59 months diagnosed with stunting and 120 children with normal height-for-age were included in the study with a ratio of 1 case: 3 control. Data were collected using an interviewer-guided questionnaire; which consists of a sociodemographic and validated IMCI (Integrated Management of Childhood Illness) feeding assessment checklist, as well as the anthropometry examination of the participant. Results: Children with a feeding problem, particularly the feeding practice which did not follow the recommendation by IMCI standard, have more than four-time significantly higher risk of becoming stunted (OR: 4.2 [95% CI 1.4-12.8], p-value: 0.011) as compared to children with no feeding problem. Additionally, with an increase of one week in delivery week, one kilogram in birth weight and one centimetre in maternal height, there is a respectively significant 40.0% (OR: 0.6 [95% CI 0.4-0.9], p-value: 0.035), 80.0% (OR: 0.2 [95% CI 0.1-0.7], p-value: 0.009) and 11.0% (OR: 0.89 [95% CI 0.82-0.98], p-value: 0.016) reduction in the risk of become stunted among participants. A child’s gender, race, immunization status, caregivers’ level of education, household income, occupation and other socio-demographic factors were found to be not significant risk factors for stunting among this population. Discussion: This study revealed that lower birth weight, delivery week, and maternal height, as well as the presence of feeding problems, is the independent risk factor for childhood stunting. Therefore, identifying these risks and providing early intervention from the antenatal period might prevent stunting in infants and young children.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Uncontrolled Keywords: risk factor, stunting, infant, young children, Pahang
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Community Health & Family Medicine
Depositing User: Assistant Professor Dr Hafizah Pasi
Date Deposited: 22 Aug 2022 12:18
Last Modified: 22 Aug 2022 12:37
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/99551

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