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Metabolic engineering of cofactor F420 production in mycobacterium smegmatis

Bashiri, Ghader and Mohamed Rehan, Aisyah and Greenwood, David R. and Dickson, James M. J. and Baker, Edward N. (2010) Metabolic engineering of cofactor F420 production in mycobacterium smegmatis. PLoS ONE, 5 (12). e15803. ISSN 1932-6203

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Cofactor F420 is a unique electron carrier in a number of microorganisms including Archaea and Mycobacteria. It has been shown that F420 has a direct and important role in archaeal energy metabolism whereas the role of F420 in mycobacterial metabolism has only begun to be uncovered in the last few years. It has been suggested that cofactor F420 has a role in the pathogenesis of M. tuberculosis, the causative agent of tuberculosis. In the absence of a commercial source for F420, M. smegmatis has previously been used to provide this cofactor for studies of the F420-dependent proteins from mycobacterial species. Three proteins have been shown to be involved in the F420 biosynthesis in Mycobacteria and three other proteins have been demonstrated to be involved in F420 metabolism. Here we report the over-expression of all of these proteins in M. smegmatis and testing of their importance for F420 production. The results indicate that co–expression of the F420 biosynthetic proteins can give rise to a much higher F420 production level. This was achieved by designing and preparing a new T7 promoter–based co-expression shuttle vector. A combination of co–expression of the F420 biosynthetic proteins and fine-tuning of the culture media has enabled us to achieve F420 production levels of up to 10 times higher compared with the wild type M. smegmatis strain. The high levels of the F420 produced in this study provide a suitable source of this cofactor for studies of F420-dependent proteins from other microorganisms and for possible biotechnological applications.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 4469/9925
Subjects: Q Science > Q Science (General)
Q Science > QR Microbiology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Biotechnology
Depositing User: Ms Rosyidah Taju Rahim
Date Deposited: 13 Dec 2011 16:37
Last Modified: 13 Dec 2011 20:41
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/9925

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