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Self-rated health, demographic factors and depressive symptoms among Malaysian adults

Mohd Shah, Nur Syahirah and Nik Hashim, Nik Nur Wahidah and Ahmad Basri, Nadzirah and Toha, Siti Fauziah (2022) Self-rated health, demographic factors and depressive symptoms among Malaysian adults. International Journal of Care Scholars, 5 (1). pp. 29-41. ISSN 2600-898X

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Introduction: Depression risk has been significantly associated with sociodemographic aspects such as education levels and self-rated health. The aim was to investigate the relationship of socio-demographic characteristics particularly level of education, and self-rated health on depressive symptoms among Malaysian adults. Methods: This is a cross-sectional study among Malaysians who aged 16 to 52 years old. Respondents were recruited via social media, using convenience sampling. Sociodemographic questions include education levels and self-rated health among other questions. Depressive symptoms were measured using Beck Depression Inventory-II, Malay version. The data were analysed using Chi- Square Test. Two-Way of ANOVA was utilized to determine the association of education levels and self-rated health on depressive symptoms.Results: Chi-Square indicated that age, level of education, job categories and self-rated health had a significant relationship at p<0.05 with key variables used in this study, presence, and absence of depressive symptoms except for gender, race and marital status. Two-way of ANOVA results revealed a significant interaction between self-rated health, level of education and depressive symptoms (F = 2.711,df=5,p<0.05). Conclusion: Malaysian individuals with low education levels showed depressive symptoms and showed a significant association with low self-rated health, however some of them rated themselves as healthy. Therefore, the government needs to make health literacy a priority for everyone, particularly for those with low levels of education and individuals who perceived themselves as mentally healthy.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Depression; Self-rated health; Education levels; Malaysian adults
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Nutrition Sciences
Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Mechatronics Engineering
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Psychiatry
Depositing User: Dr Nadzirah Ahmad Basri
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2022 10:54
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2022 10:54
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/98932

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