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Validation of ‘Muslims’ perceptions and attitudes to mental health scale (m-pamh)’ into Malay: a preliminary study

Zulkifli, Najhan Anis and Ahmad Basri, Nadzirah and Md Rosli, Ahmad Nabil and Abdullah, Aszrin and Sulaiman, Norhasmah (2021) Validation of ‘Muslims’ perceptions and attitudes to mental health scale (m-pamh)’ into Malay: a preliminary study. In: International Virtual Conference on Liberal Studies 2021 (I-Citra 2021), 29-30 September 2021, Online.

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Background: An objective study to explore Malaysian Muslims’ perceptions and beliefs towards mental health is important to understand the underlying factors that contribute to stigma and consequently rejection towards mental health services. The Muslims’ Perceptions and Attitudes towards Mental Health scale (M-PAMH) enables this study to be conducted. Objective: This study aimed to translate the M-PAMH in Bahasa Malaysia and cross-culturally adapt it to be used among Malaysian Muslims. Methods: Two forward and backward translations were carried out by independent translators. Expert committees evaluated the translated version to meet the population’s suitability. Readability and suitability of the items were assessed through preliminary evaluation among 28 Malaysian Muslims samples (from various socio-economic status and age ranging from 18 to 63 years old) hosted on mobile messaging platforms and their feedback were collected. Results: Additional items were developed and added into the scale according to the local beliefs which attribute mental health as a sign of poor relationship with God and punishment. Terms such as Shaykh, ‘Ayn, Ruqya, Jinn and Qadar were changed to ‘ustaz’, ‘hasad dengki’, ‘rawatan perubatan Islam’, ‘makhluk halus’ and ‘takdir’ respectively to adapt to the population’s jargon. Traditional practice in the original scale such as the use of black seed was changed to the use of black pepper and kaffir lime to suit the local traditional practices. Conclusion: A culturally adapted psychometric tool is important to identify the underlying beliefs associated with stigma and rejection towards mental health services, useful for effective mental health literacy programs among Malaysian Muslims.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Mental health; Malaysian Muslims; Perceptions; Beliefs; Psychometric
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BF Psychology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Basic Medical
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Psychiatry
Depositing User: Dr Nadzirah Ahmad Basri
Date Deposited: 27 Jul 2022 10:42
Last Modified: 27 Jul 2022 10:42
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/98929

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