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Basic pathogenic mechanisms of atherosclerosis

Alfarisi, Hamad and Hamad Mohamed, Zenab B. and Ibrahim, Muhammad (2020) Basic pathogenic mechanisms of atherosclerosis. Egyptian Journal of Basic and Applied Sciences, 7 (1). pp. 116-125. E-ISSN 2314-808X

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Atherosclerosis is a chronic inflammatory disease of the inner wall of large and medium-sized arteries. It is a disease of multiple causes which regarded as the primary underlying cause of heart diseases and cerebrovascular accidents. Pathologically, atherosclerosis is a chronic arterial inflammation secondary to prolonged exposure to oxidative stressors and involves multiple cell types and cellular mediators. Oxidized lipids derived from low-density lipoprotein contribute to multiple stages of atherosclerotic plaque development and progression through production of inflammatory cytokines. Diet and dietary habits are the major driving forces for development and modification of atherosclerotic diseases. Genetics and epigenetics have a significant influence on development and progression of atherosclerosis. Future therapeutic options may target the pathogenic mediators of atherosclerosis at multiple molecular levels.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: atherosclerosis; epigenetics; genetics; inflammation; oxidative stress
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC667 Specialties of Internal Medicine-Diseases of Circulatory (Cardiovascular) System
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Dentistry
Depositing User: Dr. Hamad Abdulsalam Hamad Alfarisi
Date Deposited: 02 Jun 2022 08:34
Last Modified: 02 Jun 2022 08:34
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/98138

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