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Autopsy fndings in COVID-19 infection-related death: a systematic review

Nik Sofizan, Nik Muhammad Faiz and Abd Rahman, Ahmad Faiz and Lai, Poh Soon and Chng, Kay Ly and Abdullah, Nor Zamzila (2022) Autopsy fndings in COVID-19 infection-related death: a systematic review. Egyptian Journal of Forensic Sciences, 12 (1). pp. 1-17. ISSN 2090-536X E-ISSN 2090-5939

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Introduction: Coronavirus-19 disease (COVID-19) has been declared as pandemic by the World Health Organization (WHO) in March 2020. As of 28 November 2021, there were more than 260 million cases and nearly 5.2 million deaths caused by COVID-19. The most afected system by COVID-19 infection was the respiratory system although several other studies suggested multi-organ involvement with pathophysiology that was not clearly understood. Autopsy fndings were benefcial to researchers to determine the mechanism behind these organ failures. The objective of this review was to summarize the autopsy fndings related to COVID-19 death. Method: Online literature search was conducted via online databases such as Scopus, PubMed and Google Scholar. The keywords inputted during the search were “post-mortem”, “autopsy” and “COVID-19” in title, abstract and key�words. The inclusion criteria were the topic related with the title of this review, published in 2020–2021, have full text available and in English language. Any articles that were not related, duplicated studies, review articles including systematic review and meta-analysis and in other languages were excluded. Results: A total of 20 articles were included in this review. The articles reviewed were mostly case reports and case series while others were case-control and cohort study ranging from one to 348 cases. Majority were originated from the United States of America (USA). Conclusion: The most frequent system described in autopsy fndings in COVID-19 death was the respiratory system, with the most common histological fnding of difuse alveolar damage (DAD). Majority of the fndings of other organs were related to chronic diseases

Item Type: Article (Review)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Post-mortem, Autopsy, COVID-19, Death
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
R Medicine > RB Pathology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Pathology & Lab Medicine
Depositing User: Dr Kay Ly Chng
Date Deposited: 24 May 2022 15:09
Last Modified: 24 May 2022 15:09
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/98018

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