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The Impact of educational intervention on attitude toward organ donation among health care workers in Malaysia

Wan Muhd Shukeri, Wan Fadzlina and Mazlan, Mohd Zulfakar and Kamaruzaman, Lydia and Budiman, Maryam and Mohamad Yusof, Aliza and Ramly, Nur fariza and Nanyan, Suhaila and Wan Ali, Wan Ahmad Syahril Rozli and Abd Halim, Nurul Huda and Mohd Sharif, Nur Hidayati and Abdul Hafidz, Muhammad Iqbal (2022) The Impact of educational intervention on attitude toward organ donation among health care workers in Malaysia. Transplantation Proceedings, 54 (2). pp. 208-216. ISSN 0041-1345

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Background. The attitudes of the health care workers (HCWs) are essential in influencing organ donation rate. The aim of this study was to assess the effects of an educational intervention on attitudes toward organ donation among HCWs. Methods. A questionnaire-based interventional study was conducted with 458 HCW from 5 hospitals in Malaysia. A 26-item self-administered questionnaire was distributed online as a pre- intervention test. Respondents then went through website-based educational materials followed by a post-intervention questionnaire. Results. A total of 345 (75.3%) respondents completed the tests. Their attitude toward organ dona- tion was positive preintervention. After the intervention, respondents expressed an increase willingness to donate their own organs (P = .008) and their relatives’ organs (P < .001) after death; were more willing to adopt organ donation as part of end-of-life care (P =.002); were more comfortable talking to relatives about organ donation (P =.001); and expressed an increase consideration to execute the action at any time (P =.001). There was increased willingness to admit to the intensive care unit for facilitating organ donation (P =.007); to employ the same resources to maintain a potential brain-dead donor (P < .001); and to support organ donation in case they or their relatives were diagnosed with end-stage organ failure (P =.008). However, there was an increase in negative attitudes regarding the association between organ donation with health care failure (P =.004) and with pain (P =.003). Posi- tive attitude scores were higher after the intervention (P < .001). Conclusion. An educational website-based intervention was able to improve the attitudes of HCWs toward organ donation.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: educational intervention, organ donation, healthcare workers
Subjects: R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Internal Medicine
Depositing User: Dr. Wan Ahmad Syahril Rozli Wan Ali
Date Deposited: 28 Apr 2022 14:13
Last Modified: 28 Apr 2022 14:13
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/97723

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