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Pretravelling health-seeking behavior, knowledge of vaccines, and attitudes toward travel health among Malaysian travelers

Sidek Ahmad, Zulkhairul Naim and Zarkasi, Khairul Anwar and Ramli, Nur Zuliani and Che Jamaludin, Farrah Ilyani and Che Hasan, Muhammad Kamil (2022) Pretravelling health-seeking behavior, knowledge of vaccines, and attitudes toward travel health among Malaysian travelers. International Journal of Preventive Medicine, 13 (50). pp. 1-6. ISSN 2008-7802 E-ISSN 2008-8213

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Background: Travelers are at higher risk of developing health‑related problems, especially travel‑related diseases, and this remains a major public health burden. Aims: To assess pretravel health behavior‑seeking factors, knowledge of vaccine, and travel health attitudes. A cross‑sectional design among Malaysian travelers. Methods: An online survey was conducted from December 2017 till March 2018 among 226 participants. Demographic data, pretraveling health behaviors, knowledge of vaccine‑preventable diseases, and travel health were asked. Independent t‑test and ANOVA were performed using SPSS version 20. Results: Among travelers, 51.3% and 63.7% used health‑related information on their destination before departure and collected information on possible travel hazards at their destination. Participant age (P = 0.02), monthly income (P = 0.01), predeparture health information (P = 0.03), information on possible hazards (P = 0.04), and travel health advice from medical professionals (P = 0.03) have been reported as a major predictor of knowledge of vaccine‑preventable disease. Travelers’ gender (P = 0.01), household income (P = 0.01), and travel health advice from professionals (P = 0.002) were significantly associated with travel health attitude. Conclusions: Sociodemographic and pretravel health‑seeking behavior influence knowledge of vaccine‑preventable disease and attitudes towards travel health which requires a public health need for community outreach programs targeting this group.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Attitude to health, communicable diseases, information‑seeking behavior, travel‑related illness, vaccine‑preventable diseases
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA0421 Public health. Hygiene. Preventive Medicine
R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA643 Communicable Diseases and Public Health
R Medicine > RT Nursing
R Medicine > RT Nursing > RT71 Study and Teaching
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Nursing
Kulliyyah of Nursing > Department of Medical Surgical Nursing
Depositing User: Dr Muhammad Kamil Che Hasan
Date Deposited: 12 Apr 2022 12:00
Last Modified: 12 Apr 2022 12:07
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/97607

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