IIUM Repository

Understanding how Malaysian women appraise their breast cancer symptom: A narrative approach

Wan Mamat, Wan Hasliza and Lund, Susi and Jarrett, Nikki and Mohd Taib, Nur Aishah (2022) Understanding how Malaysian women appraise their breast cancer symptom: A narrative approach. International Medical Journal Malaysia, 21 (2). pp. 60-66. ISSN 1823-4631 E-ISSN 2735-2285

[img] PDF (Article) - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (501kB) | Request a copy


Introduction: Awareness of breast cancer symptoms has made a positive impact on recognition and screening, however there is little research describing how women interpret their bodily changes. This study was conducted to explore how Malaysian women with breast cancer appraise their symptoms and how their interpretation of the symptoms had been shaped by the social norms, knowledge and previous experiences. Materials and Methods: 14 women with breast cancer were recruited using purposeful sampling. The participants took part in in-depth, one-time, face-to-face, and audio-recorded interviews. All the interviews were subsequently transcribed verbatim and analysed using structure and content of a narrative approach. Results: Women interpreted their symptoms based on the physical presentation of the symptoms, previous experiences, and societal norms and beliefs. Some women immediately understood the potential meaning of their breast changes and sought medical opinion, while others waited from one week up to one year to observe symptoms or normalised them in terms of previous and current experiences. The use of narrative enabled these women to recapitulate particular experiences that had special meaning in order to make sense of their action. Conclusions: The way women interpreted their symptoms reflected their understanding the significant meaning of the symptoms. Acknowledging this symptom appraisal information may assist healthcare professionals in providing appropriate information that can challenge misconceptions, myths, and negative beliefs about breast cancer to improve breast cancer awareness and early detection among the community.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: Publication fee facilitation claim and verified- sn (25/8/2022)
Uncontrolled Keywords: breast cancer, Malaysia, narrative, women
Subjects: R Medicine > RT Nursing
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Nursing
Depositing User: Dr Wan Hasliza Wan Mamat
Date Deposited: 05 Apr 2022 08:52
Last Modified: 25 Aug 2022 12:22
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/97462

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year