IIUM Repository

Exploring Muslim pre-schoolers’ religious self-identity, moral values and reasoning: a case study in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia

Abd Karim, Aishah Hanim (2022) Exploring Muslim pre-schoolers’ religious self-identity, moral values and reasoning: a case study in Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia. International Journal of Advanced Research in Islamic and Humanities, 4 (1). pp. 11-23. E-ISSN 2682-8332

[img] PDF - Published Version
Restricted to Repository staff only

Download (259kB) | Request a copy


This is an exploratory qualitative research that aims to explore Muslim pre-schoolers’ development of religious self-identity and moral values and reasoning for behavioral conformity. Based on Bowlby’s theory of attachment (1971), both infants and mothers need to stay in constant contact with each other. Children who did not experience warm and continuing attachment would fail to develop healthy relationships when they get older. If these biological needs were not met, not only emotional but also intellectual problems in adulthood might occur. The Informants involved two Muslim Malaysian children – a boy and a girl, both aged five years old. They were selected by their classroom teacher in a public preschool. The research setting was a classroom setting. The research applied in-depth, semi-structured interview protocols as a method of collecting data based on several pictures related to Muslim religious practices and moral behaviors. From the study, it was found that the two pre-schoolers have developed the rudiments of religious self-identity, sense of moral values and conform to Kohlberg’s first stage of moral judgement, which is to act due to fear of getting punished and not wanting to displease adults, especially their parents. There is not much research done on the development of self-identity in young Muslim children in Malaysia, specifically for children aged five years old. This research would assist teachers, parent, and caregivers in guiding young children to shape their identity and acquire good Muslim characteristics. Understanding the reasons for children’s conformity would also be achieved in this research.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: attachment theory, pre-schoolers, religious self-identity, moral development, moral values, moral behaviors
Subjects: L Education > LB Theory and practice of education > LB1050.9 Educational psychology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Education > Department of Educational Psychology & Counseling
Depositing User: Dr Aishah Hanim Abd Karim
Date Deposited: 03 Mar 2022 16:40
Last Modified: 23 Sep 2022 15:14
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/97016

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year