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Application of GIS‑based DRASTIC model approaches in assessing groundwater vulnerability for shallow alluvial aquifer deposited

Shamsuddin, Aida Soraya and Syed Ismail, Sharifah Norkhadijah and Zainal Abidin, Emilia and Ho, Yu Bin and Juahir, Hafizan and Mohd Abu Bakar, Wan Azdie (2021) Application of GIS‑based DRASTIC model approaches in assessing groundwater vulnerability for shallow alluvial aquifer deposited. Arabian Journal of Geosciences, 14 (23). pp. 1-21. ISSN 1866-7511 E-ISSN 1866-7538

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Groundwater can be contaminated by many sources, such as anthropogenic activities on the ground surface. To evaluate the vulnerability of groundwater to contamination, the present study was conducted in the shallow alluvial aquifer of Bachok, Kelantan, by embedding several hydrogeological parameters using the GIS-based DRASTIC model. Considering the importance of land use activities on groundwater vulnerability, the land use map of the study area was integrated with the DRASTIC model, known as the integrated land use DRASTIC model. Results of the DRASTIC model classified 58.36% of the area as high vulnerability, 14.40% as moderate vulnerability, and 27.14% as low vulnerability. Meanwhile, the integrated land use DRASTIC map showed that most parts of the study area have moderate vulnerability (61.03%). The depth to the water table and net recharge parameters have contributed to large variations in groundwater vulnerability indices. The models were validated using nitrate concentrations. Negative weak correlations were measured between nitrate concentrations with DRASTIC index (− 0.318; p < 0.001) and between nitrate concentrations with integrated land use DRASTIC index (− 0.309; p < 0.001). These findings have led to the conclusion that nitrate concentrations and vulnerability index values may not correlate so that the more coherent measure of other types of pollutants can be used in the future.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Groundwater vulnerability · DRASTIC index · Integrated land use DRASTIC index · GIS · Nitrate
Subjects: BPG Islamic geography > BPG113 Environmental ethics/responsibility. Sustainable living.
Q Science > Q Science (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences
Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Nutrition Sciences
Depositing User: Dr. Wan Azdie Mohd Abu Bakar
Date Deposited: 02 Dec 2021 14:41
Last Modified: 02 Dec 2021 15:29
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/94283

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