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The effect of hygromycin B quality towards candida albicans susceptibility

Engku Nasrullah Satiman, Engku Anis Fariha and Kaderi, Mohd Arifin and Ramzi, Ahmad Bazli and Arzmi, Mohd Hafiz (2021) The effect of hygromycin B quality towards candida albicans susceptibility. In: The 4th International Conference on Oral Microbiology & oral Immunology, 6-8 September 2021, International Islamic University Malaysia. (Unpublished)

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Candida albicans is a medically important opportunistic pathogen that can be found in oral cavity. It is greatly associates in mono- and polymicrobial biofilms development with other oral microorganisms. However, aberrant ploidy number and unusual codon usage in C. albicans complicate its genetic editing process. Hygromycin B is an antifungal that is useful for a selective marker in C. albicans genetic transformation. Specialised codon-optimized hygromycin resistance gene (CaHygB) derived from plasmid pYM70 enables C. albicans transformants to grow on a selective plate containing hygromycin B. The objective of the study is to determine the effect of hygromycin B quality in the detection of C. albicans gene transformation with the hypothesis that the performance of two different qualities is similar during the selection of C. albicans transformants on YPD-hygromycin B agar plate. C. albicans ATCC MYA-4901 was revived and grown on YPD agar for 48 hours at 37°C. Meanwhile, glycerol stock of E. coli carrying pYM70 was revived on LB-ampicillin agar at 37°C for overnight. Plasmid pYM70 was later extracted and used in the subsequent transformation of C. albicans. The competent cell of C. albicans was prepared using the modified lithium-acetate method. Plasmid pYM70 was transformed into the competent cells of C. albicans using the electroporation method. The transformed cells were sub-cultured on YPD agar containing 600 μg/ml hygromycin B from two brands. The growth of transformants was observed after three to four days of incubation at 37°C in a dark environment. Our study showed a successful transformation of C. albicans with pYM70, which exhibited resistance towards both hygromycin B (Gb and Bb). However, wild-type and empty competent cells (negative controls) exhibited resistance towards hygromycin B Bb. In conclusion, different qualities of hygromycin B affect the susceptibility of C. albicans which may lead to a false result during C. albicans transformation.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Slide Presentation)
Additional Information: 4643/93970
Uncontrolled Keywords: Candida albicans, hygromycin B, pYM70, transformation
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences
Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Biomedical Science (Effective:1st July 2011)
Kulliyyah of Dentistry
Kulliyyah of Dentistry > Department of Fundamental Dental and Medical Sciences
Depositing User: Dr Mohd Hafiz Arzmi
Date Deposited: 23 Nov 2021 11:25
Last Modified: 08 Jun 2022 14:16
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/93970

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