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Critical care nurses' knowledge and practices on ventilator-associated pneumonia

Selamat, Nurul Aqilah and Aung, Khin Thandar and Soe, May Khin Soe (2021) Critical care nurses' knowledge and practices on ventilator-associated pneumonia. International Archives of Nursing and Health Care, 7 (3). pp. 1-5. ISSN 2469-5823

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Background: Ventilator-associated pneumonia (VAP) is common in critical care and can happen within 48-72 hours in intubated ventilated patients. Ventilator-associated pneumonia is a condition of high rates of morbidity, mortality, length of stay and hospital costs for ventilated patients. The prevention of (VAP), known as a hospital-acquired infection, is a major clinical challenge such that critical care nurses need to understand the risk factors for developing VAP. And also, nurses are the best position to put their known evidence-based knowledge into practice in preventing (VAP). Aim: The aim of this study is to assess the knowledge and practices of critical care nurses regarding VAP in selected ICU wards of a tertiary care hospital in Kuantan, Malaysia. Additionally, the study sought to investigate the association between their socio-demographic data and nurses' knowledge and practice of VAP guidelines. Methods/materials: A descriptive cross-sectional survey was conducted on 175 critical care nurses at two hospitals in Kuantan, Malaysia. A Simple random sampling method was used to recruit participants. The tool for data collection was a well-developed questionnaire adapted from two articles "Critical care nurses' knowledge of evidence-based guidelines for preventing associated Pneumonia: An evaluation questionnaire" (Labeau, et al., 2007) and "Malaysian patient safety goal, nurses' roles and responsibilities, first edition, 2015. Data were analyzed using descriptive statistics and inferential statistics (Kruskal-Wallis test). Result: The response rate of this study was 77.14% and the nurses who were working less than 6 months or newly recruit, on maternity leave and further study, not willing to participate and answered the incomplete questionnaire were excluded. The mean score for knowledge of critical care nurses was 6.75/8 and the mean score for the practice of critical care nurses was 48.45/50. The years of experiences of nurses and type of critical care unit were significantly associated with their knowledge and practice on VAP (p < 0.05). Conclusion: Nurses are having good knowledge and practice regarding ventilator-associated pneumonia at Kuantan, Malaysia. The critical care nurses need to be encouraged their knowledge translates into practice toward prevention and care for VAP patients. In addition, one's own institution should monitor regularly, the adherence to the VAP guidelines by the critical care nurses. Thus, the own institution's monitoring and the adherence of the nurses can help in reducing the incidence rate of VAP and promote quality ventilator care for intubated ventilated patients.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Knowledge, Practice, Critical care nurses, Ventilator-associated pneumonia
Subjects: R Medicine > RT Nursing
R Medicine > RT Nursing > RT71 Study and Teaching
R Medicine > RT Nursing > RT82 Nursing As A Profession
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Nursing > Department of Critical Care Nursing
Depositing User: Dr May Khin Soe
Date Deposited: 09 Nov 2021 08:33
Last Modified: 09 Nov 2021 08:33
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/93573

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