IIUM Repository

Ethylenediamine pretreatment to maximize fermentable sugar conversion from banana peel

Alasali, Usame and Azmi, Azlin Suhaida and Karaman, Isa and Mohammad, Zahangir Alam and Mohamad Puad, Noor Illi (2021) Ethylenediamine pretreatment to maximize fermentable sugar conversion from banana peel. In: International Conference on Biotechnology Engineering 2021 (ICBioE 2021), 22-23 June 2021, Kuala Lumpur, Malaysia (Online). (Unpublished)

[img] PDF - Accepted Version
Restricted to Registered users only

Download (4MB) | Request a copy


The great demand for fermentable sugars derived from low-cost materials to produce several chemical products such as ethanol and lactic acid gave the lignocellulosic biomass considerable significance among other substrates. Alkaline pretreatment has been used widely to increase the enzymatic digestibility of fibers. However, this method encounters several problems like high chemical loading requirements and the irreversible adsorption of the chemicals on the surface of pretreated biomass, making the pretreatment process less effective. In contrast, using dilute ethylenediamine (EDA) would solve these problems. In this study, the fermentable sugar conversion was maximized from banana peel (BP) by optimizing EDA concentration (1-10%), pretreatment temperature (30-150oC) at ambient pressure and for 1 hour. X-ray Diffractogram analysis showed that the highest conversion of cellulose I to cellulose III (~20%) occurred after pretreating BP at 90oC with 5.5% EDA for 1 hour. Simultaneously, the crystallinity index decreased around 8% compared to raw BP. The Fourier Transform Infrared Spectroscopy analysis and Scanning Electron Microscope images proved the lignin removal and the cellulose content enhancement after the pretreatment. This study showed that abundant lignocellulosic wastes like BP could be pretreated with dilute EDA to increase their ability to be utilized by microorganisms for numerous fermentation processes.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Invited Papers)
Additional Information: 5339/93370
Uncontrolled Keywords: Ethylenediamine pretreatment, maximize fermentable, sugar conversion, banana peel
Subjects: T Technology > TP Chemical technology > TP155 Chemical engineering
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Biotechnology Engineering
Depositing User: Mrs. Azlin Suhaida Azmi
Date Deposited: 17 Nov 2021 16:01
Last Modified: 17 Nov 2021 16:01
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/93370

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year