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Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs) and modifiable risk Factors profiling among adults in a selected FELDA settlement in East Coast of Pahang

Pasi, Hafizah and Ab Rahman, Jamalludin and Mohd Rus, Razman and Abd. Aziz, Karimah Hanim and Nasreen, Hashima E and Yusof, Muhammad Zubir and Hassan, Noor Artika and Mohd Tohit, Nor Faiza and Mohammad Aidid, Edre and Rusli, Mohammad Farhan and Zainal Abidin, Muhammad 'Adil (2021) Non-communicable Diseases (NCDs) and modifiable risk Factors profiling among adults in a selected FELDA settlement in East Coast of Pahang. Malaysian Journal of Medicine and Health Sciences, 17 (Supp5). p. 40. E-ISSN 2636-9346

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Current data shows an increment of the NCDs and its modifiable risk factors, resulting in an increasing number of related deaths. We sought to measure the proportion of adults with NCDs and its modifiable risk factors among resi- dents of FELDA Lepar Hilir 1, Kuantan, Pahang. A cross-sectional study was conducted among 216 consented adults aged 18 years old and above in the selected houses, using a simple random sampling. A face-to-face, interviewer-ad- ministered questionnaire adapted from National Health and Morbidity Survey, 2015 was used. Clinical assessment was measured using weighing scale SECA 762, height measuring tool SECA 242, measuring tape, manual mercury sphygmomanometer, and Rightest GM 550 Blood Glucose Monitoring System. We use SPSS (version 24.0) for data analysis. The proportions were highest for hypertension (31.9%), followed by hypercholesterolemia (27.8%) and diabetes mellitus (20.4%). For risk factors, 39.4% were inactive, while 88.4%, 91.2%, and 39.8% have inadequate daily fruits, vegetables, and plain water intake, respectively. For smoking status, 25.5% are current tobacco smokers, 4.2% ever smokers, and 6.0% are ex-smokers, while 4.6% have consumed alcohol. Body mass index showed over- weight was 30.6%, obese class 1; 16.2%, obese class 2; 6.5% and obese class 3; 1.9%. In addition, 50.5% male and 74.0% female respondents have central obesity. This study revealed that the overall proportion of NCDs and their modifiable risk factors among adults in FELDA Lepar 1 is high. Therefore, prevention activities towards these diseases should be intensified by the respective authorities.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Uncontrolled Keywords: Non-communicable diseases, Proportions, Adults, FELDA, Risk factor, Cross-sectional study
Subjects: R Medicine > RA Public aspects of medicine > RA644.3 Chronic and Noninfectious Diseases and Public Health
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Community Medicine (Effective: 1st January 2011)
Depositing User: Assistant Professor Dr Hafizah Pasi
Date Deposited: 27 Oct 2021 08:43
Last Modified: 07 Jul 2022 15:18
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/93296

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