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Respecting patient privacy with federated artificial intelligence

Md. Ali, Mohd. Adli and Mohammad Aidid, Edre and Abdullah, Hafidzul (2021) Respecting patient privacy with federated artificial intelligence. Journal of Information Systems and Digital Technologies, 3 (2). pp. 84-93. E-ISSN 2682-8790

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Multiple research has shown that deep artificial neural networks (ANN) can assist physicians in diagnosing a patient with greater accuracy and sensitivity. Nonetheless, the grand march of success by ANN is only possible by the availability of an open medical dataset. However, at the time of writing, there is no open medical dataset from the Malaysian population. The local dataset is crucial to validate the performance of any ANN modal on the local populations. The lack of any local dataset may be due to local medical institution's hesitance to release any medical images and records to respect patient's confidentiality. One way around this is to adopt the Federated Learning system, in which no sharing of patient data is required. Our experiment tested the capability of 25 ANN models to classify chest radiograph images into three classes: normal, bacterial pneumonia, and viral pneumonia. Each ANN model is given a training dataset that is random in size and class ratio. The result obtained from the experiment shows that the federated system obtains the highest score in all measured metrics. It obtained a score of 0.76, 0.72, and 0.72 for average weighted precision, weight sensitivity, and F1, respectively. It also has the lowest standard deviation in all performance metrics compared to other learning systems. The result obtained here further strengthens the notion that if Malaysia wants to adopt a national-level artificial intelligent system for medical purposes, it should utilize the federated learning system at its core. It ensures Malaysia has an artificial intelligence system that respects patient's privacy while maintaining its robustness.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7861/92925
Uncontrolled Keywords: Artificial Neural Network, Federated Learning, Ensemble Learning, Chest Radiograph
Subjects: Q Science > QA Mathematics > QA75 Electronic computers. Computer science
R Medicine > R Medicine (General)
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine
Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Community Medicine (Effective: 1st January 2011)
Kulliyyah of Science
Kulliyyah of Science > Department of Physics
Depositing User: Dr Mohd Adli MD Ali
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2021 08:36
Last Modified: 15 Jul 2022 11:23
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/92925

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