IIUM Repository

CFD analysis of compressible flows in a convergent-divergent nozzle

Khan, Sher Afghan and Ibrahim, Omar Mohamed and Aabid, Abdul (2021) CFD analysis of compressible flows in a convergent-divergent nozzle. In: 2nd International Conference on Smart and Sustainable Developments in Materials, Manufacturing and Energy Engineering (SME), 22-23 December 2020, Nitte, India.

PDF - Published Version
Download (2MB) | Preview
PDF (WoS) - Supplemental Material
Download (810kB) | Preview
PDF (SCOPUS) - Supplemental Material
Download (290kB) | Preview


The nozzle is a mechanical device that uses pressure energy and fluid enthalpy to increase the outflow velocity and control fluid flow direction. To obtain the nozzle duct’s shock pattern, the flow inside the nozzle must be supersonic with a Mach number greater than one. Experimentally, the shock pattern is obtained for a nozzle with a Mach number 2 and nozzle pressure ratio (NPR) equivalent to 7 and below. For Mach M = 2, the needed NPR is equal to 7.82 for correct expansion. When the NPR is greater than 7.82, flow from the nozzles is under-expanded. For NPR less than 7.72 the flow from the nozzle is over-expanded. In this paper, the computational fluid mechanics (CFD) technique was used to simulate the nozzle flow based on the experimental investigation. A two-dimensional transient compressible flow of air through a supersonic nozzle was simulated using ANSYS fluent software. A time-dependent flow using the density-based implicit solver was used to analyze the simulation results. The results illustrate that the CFD technique simulates the fluid flows and the formation of shock in a duct and gives useful information about fluid dynamics analysis.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Subjects: T Technology > TL Motor vehicles. Aeronautics. Astronautics > TL780 Rockets
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Mechanical Engineering
Depositing User: Prof. Dr. Sher Afghan Khan
Date Deposited: 05 Oct 2021 21:09
Last Modified: 05 Oct 2021 21:09
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/92657

Actions (login required)

View Item View Item


Downloads per month over past year