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Whole genome sequencing analysis of Spike D614G mutation reveals unique SARS-CoV-2 Lineages of B.1.524 and AU.2 in Malaysia

Zainulabid, Ummu Afeera and Mat Yassim, Aini Syahida and Soffian, Sharmeen Nellisa and Hussain, Mushtaq and Aslam, Ayesha and Soffian, Sharmeen Nellisa and Mohd Ibrahim, Mohamad Shafiq and Kamarudin, Norhidayah and Kamarulzaman, Mohd Nazli and How, Soon Hin and Ahmad, Hajar Fauzan (2022) Whole genome sequencing analysis of Spike D614G mutation reveals unique SARS-CoV-2 Lineages of B.1.524 and AU.2 in Malaysia. PLOS ONE, 17 (2). pp. 1-16. E-ISSN 1932-6203

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The SARS-CoV-2 has spread throughout the world since its discovery in China, and Malaysia is no exception. WGS has been a crucial approach in studying the evolution and genetic diversity of SARS-CoV-2 in the ongoing pandemic, and while an exceptional number of SARS-CoV-2 complete genomes have since been submitted to GISAID and NCBI, there is a scarcity of data from Malaysia. This study aims to report new Malaysian lineages responsible for the sustained spikes in COVID-19 cases during the third wave of the pandemic. Patients whose nasopharyngeal and oropharyngeal swabs were confirmed positive by real-time RT-PCR with Ct-value < 25 were chosen for WGS. The 10 SARS-CoV-2 isolates obtained were then sequenced, characterized and analyzed, including 1356 sequences of the dominant lineages of D614G variant currently circulating throughout Malaysia. The prevalence of clade GH and G formed strong ground of the discovery of two Malaysian lineages that caused sustained spikes of cases locally. Statistical analysis on the association of gender and age group with Malaysian lineages revealed a significant association (p < 0.05). Phylogenetic analysis revealed dispersion of 41 lineages, for which 22 lineages are still active. Mutational analysis observed unique G1223C missense mutation in Transmembrane Domain of Spike protein. Thus, calls for the large-scale WGS analysis of strains found around the world for greater understanding of viral evolution and genetic diversity especially in addressing the question of the effect of deleterious substitution mutation in transmembrane region of Spike protein.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 7459/92611
Uncontrolled Keywords: SARS-CoV-2; Mutation; D614G; Spike Protein; G1223C; Clade; Malaysia; Pahang
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC111 Infectious and Parasitic Diseases
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Medicine > Department of Internal Medicine
Depositing User: Asst. Dr. Ummu Afeera Zainulabid
Date Deposited: 26 Oct 2021 15:56
Last Modified: 02 Mar 2022 17:02
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/92611

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