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Gancidin W, a potential low toxicity antimalarial agent isolated from an Endophytic Streptomyces SUK10

Baba, Mohd Shukri and Abu Hassan, Zainal Abidin and Latip, Jalifah and Herron, Paul R. and Pethick, Florence and Edrada-Ebel, RuAngelie and Mohamad Zin, Noraziah (2016) Gancidin W, a potential low toxicity antimalarial agent isolated from an Endophytic Streptomyces SUK10. In: The 14th Symposium of Malaysian Society of Applied Biology (MSAB 2016), 29th–31st May 2016, Melaka. (Unpublished)

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As it resisted against nearly all current drugs, malaria was reported remained as the most threatening human parasitic disease. In line with this, endophytic Streptomyces are potential sources for novel bioactive molecules. In this study, prolyl-leucyl-diketopiperazine (C11H18N2O2) or Gancidin W (GW) was successfully isolated from Streptomyces SUK10 that inhabited in the bark of Shorea ovalis. Using four days suppressive test (4DST), this compound was in-vivo tested against Plasmodium berghei NK65. At 6.25 and 3.125 µg kg-1 body weight (bw), there was a very significant relationship of the ability to inhibit the growth of P. berghei NK65 when GW exhibited an inhibition rate of nearly 80% on male ICR strain mice. Comparing GW with dH2O diluted quinine hydrochloride and 0.9% normal saline as positive and negative controls respectively, 50% of the mice group treated with 3.125 µg kg-1 bw was managed to survive more than eight months post-infection exposure where this survival ranged was exceeded half of the normal mice’s life span period. As in-vivo toxicity assessment towards selected vital organs and blood enzymes were also investigated, the ALT and AST enzymes level was slightly higher but there was no abnormalities and injuries were found on the tested organs of the mice group treated with GW at this concentration. These findings indicated that GW isolated from Streptomyces SUK10 exhibited very low toxicity and is a good candidate as a potential antimalarial agent.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Poster)
Subjects: Q Science > QR Microbiology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Allied Health Sciences > Department of Biomedical Science (Effective:1st July 2011)
Depositing User: Dr Mohd Shukri Baba
Date Deposited: 11 Oct 2021 16:19
Last Modified: 11 Oct 2021 16:19
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/92493

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