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Biologic exposure of short duration results in a marked reduction in cumulative surgical rates in Malaysian patients with inflammatory bowel disease

Nik Muhamad Affendi, Nik Arsyad and Xin Hui, Khoo and Chuah, Kee Huat and Hilmi, Ida (2021) Biologic exposure of short duration results in a marked reduction in cumulative surgical rates in Malaysian patients with inflammatory bowel disease. Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology, Vol 36 S2. p. 233. ISSN 1440-1746

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Abstract

Background and Aim: Crohn’s disease (CD) is a chronic progressive dis- ease that is associated with high surgical rates. In view of our recent prac- tice is starting biologic therapy early, we sought to determine whether there were differences in surgical rates between patients who were exposed or not exposed to biologic therapy. Methods: This was a retrospective, single-centre study conducted in a tertiary centre in Malaysia. The biologic-exposed group was defined as any patient with exposure for at least 6–8 weeks. Demographics, clinical characteristics and time to significant surgical intervention (i.e. bowel resection) were recorded. and cumulative surgical rates were calculated. Results: A total of 158 patients were recruited: 85 from the biologic-exposed cohort and 73 from the non-biologic cohort. Baseline demography was as follows: male 56.3%, Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology 36 (Suppl. 2) (2021) 74–283 Editorial material and organization © 2021 Journal of Gastroenterology and Hepatology Foundation and John Wiley & Sons Australia, Ltd. Copyright of individual abstracts remains with the authors. female 43.7%; Malays 21.5%, Chinese 33.5%, Indians 43.0%. Median duration of disease was 11.9 years (1.4, 30.4). Differences seen in terms demographics, disease location and behaviour at diagnosis between the two cohorts were not significant. For the biologic group, median time to commencing therapy was 26.4 months (0.0, 165.6), and median duration of therapy was 13 months (IQR 1.5, 130.0). The biologic-exposed group had significantly lower cumulative surgical rates compared to the non-biologic group: 2.3% versus 21.9% at 1 year, 7.3% versus 31.5% at 5 years and 15.6% versus 39.7% at 10 years. Conclusion: Surgical rates were significantly lower in CD patients who are biologic-exposed even for a short duration. This confirms that the role of biologic therapy in altering the disease progression of CD, even in a limited resource setting.

Item Type: Article (other)
Uncontrolled Keywords: biologic therapy, Crohn’s disease, inflammatory bowel disease, Malaysia, surgical rates
Subjects: R Medicine > RC Internal medicine > RC803 Specialties of Internal Medicine-Diseases of The Digestive System. Gastroenterology
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): UNSPECIFIED
Depositing User: Dr Nik Arsyad Nik Muhamad Affendi
Date Deposited: 24 Sep 2021 15:04
Last Modified: 24 Sep 2021 15:04
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/92435

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