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Energy harvesting effect on prolonging low-power lossy networks lifespan

Habaebi, Mohamed Hadi and Basalooml, Abdullah Ahmed S. and Islam, Md. Rafiqul and Merrad, Yacine and Mesri, Mokhtaria and Elsheikh, Elfatih A. A. and Suliman, F.M. (2021) Energy harvesting effect on prolonging low-power lossy networks lifespan. International Journal of Distributed Sensor Networks, 17 (8). pp. 1-17. ISSN 1550-1329 E-ISSN 1550-1477

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Low-power lossy networks performance relies heavily on the wireless node battery status. Furthermore, Routing Protocol for Low-Power and Lossy Network routing protocol was not optimally designed with sustainable energy consumption in mind to suit these networks. Prolonging the lifespan of these networks is of utmost priority. This article introduces a solar energy harvesting module to power energy-constrained network devices and quantifies the effect of using harvested energy on prolonging their network lifetime when Routing Protocol for Low-Power and Lossy Network routing protocol is used. Simulation of the new developed module is conducted in three different scenarios using Contiki Cooja simulator sporting Zolertia Z1 motes. Furthermore, the harvested energy used was fed from a Cooja-based Simulation model of actual PV supercapacitor circuit design. All battery levels were set to 1% of their total capacity for all nodes in the network to speed up observing the energy harvesting effect. The performance evaluation results showed that the network with no-energy harvesting operated for time duration of 4:08:04 time units (i.e. hour:minute:second) with a dramatic decrease in connection between nodes in the network. However, the same network, when using the harvested energy to back up the battery operation, lasted for 6:40:01 in time units with improved connectivity, a total extended network lifetime of 2:31:97-time units. Furthermore, for the Routing Protocol for Low-Power and Lossy Network routing metrics, OF0 outperformed ETX in term of throughput, packet delivery ratio, energy consumption, and network connectivity. Results indicate that the developed harvested energy module fits perfectly for any Cooja-based simulation and mimics actual photovoltaic-based supercapacitor battery. It should also help researchers introduce and quantify accurately new energy consumption-based routing metrics for Routing Protocol for Low-Power and Lossy Network.

Item Type: Article (Journal)
Additional Information: 6727/91790
Uncontrolled Keywords: IoT, WSN, low-power lossy network, Routing Protocol for Low-Power and Lossy Network, energy harvesting, network lifespan
Subjects: T Technology > TK Electrical engineering. Electronics Nuclear engineering > TK7800 Electronics. Computer engineering. Computer hardware. Photoelectronic devices
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Engineering > Department of Electrical and Computer Engineering
Kulliyyah of Engineering
Depositing User: Dr. Mohamed Hadi Habaebi
Date Deposited: 28 Aug 2021 18:11
Last Modified: 10 Sep 2021 09:30
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/91790

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