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Theory of knowledge: a comparative epistemological study of Islamic and western thinkers in developing economic theories

Shaharizan, Lydia Sorfina and Akbar, Mohamed Aslam (2021) Theory of knowledge: a comparative epistemological study of Islamic and western thinkers in developing economic theories. In: National Conference on the Humanities and Social Sciences (NACOSS VI), 9th April 2021, Virtual.

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Knowledge is the most important and powerful tool for any civilization as people with knowledge can observe the world at a higher level than people without knowledge. Knowledge is generally defined as understanding something. In generating knowledge, intellect, which was given to almost all human beings, is needed especially in a highly developed civilization to get new information, ideas, or knowledge about nature, life as well as their way of life. Therefore, the theory of knowledge has always been in discussion as the process of human thinking is difficult to dissect. Many scholars had tried to give their idea on the theory of knowledge where some are still in use while some are lost. This paper reviews the contribution of both Muslim and western scholars in the theory of knowledge and offers a comparative epistemological study to explore the impact that led to developing theories of their time. Three Muslim scholars namely al-Ghazali and al-Shatibi and Ibn Khaldun, and three western scholars namely Adam Smith, John Stuart Mill, and John Maynard Keynes and their opinions are analyzed to emphasize how their worldviews had given an impact on the field of economics and to what extend people in this contemporary world have applied these scholars’ ideas in their personal and public life.

Item Type: Conference or Workshop Item (Plenary Papers)
Uncontrolled Keywords: theory of knowledge, epistemology, Islam, west, comparative study, economic theory,
Subjects: B Philosophy. Psychology. Religion > BP Islam. Bahaism. Theosophy, etc > BP190.5 Islamization of Knowledge
H Social Sciences > HB Economic Theory > HB75 History of economics. History of economic theory
Kulliyyahs/Centres/Divisions/Institutes (Can select more than one option. Press CONTROL button): Kulliyyah of Economics and Management Sciences > Department of Economics
Depositing User: Dr Mohamed Aslam Akbar
Date Deposited: 13 Aug 2021 18:31
Last Modified: 25 Nov 2021 17:14
URI: http://irep.iium.edu.my/id/eprint/91369

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